1 - 10 of 29 Chapters
[In surgical practice, antimicrobial therapy is administered in three types of situations—prophylaxis, adjunct to operative treatment, and as therapy. Antibiotics are not a substitute for poor surgical managment. All surgeons should be familiar with local antibiotic guidelines.]
[The burden of disease represented by venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease is significant, particularly in the hospitalized populations. Surgery itself represents a risk factor for VTE, let alone the associated risks it brings such as immobility, coagulopathy, and dehydration, among others. The...
[Nutritional support is an important part of surgical care. Malnutrition leads to delayed healing and prolonged hospital stay. The enteral route is preferred but may not always be available and total parenteral nutrition may be required. Careful attention needs to be taken with planning of feeds...
[The surgeon has an important role in recognising those patients at high risk of needing critical care intervention. Major surgery plus high risk patients both increase the likelihood of requiring critical care support both pre and post operatively. Sepsis and septic shock carry a major risk to...
[This chapter will cover the following topics;]
[The World Health Organization recommended that the minimum standard radiological equipment is about 20 general radiography units per million people, suggested that approximately 1 Computed Tomography (CT) scan is required for every 10 general radiography units. The X-ray units are the most...
[Surgical complications are a considerable cause of death and disability around the world, and are devastating, not only to patients but also costly to health care systems, particularly in low-resource regions. The poorest third of the world’s population is estimated to receive only 3.5% of the...
[The term acute abdomen is imprecise and refers to severe abdominal pain that brings the patient to hospital. These patient need to be aggressively managed with resuscitation, investigation and where indicated, early surgery.]
[Acute inflammation of the appendix is the most common abdominal emergency worldwide. It can be managed in a variety of clinical settings with both operative, and in many cases, using a non-operative approach. CT is the gold standard investigative tool but good clinical evaluation is still the...
[The presence of gallstones is quite common in the Western World and increases with age and gender, being more present in women. It is estimated that each year, up to 5% of gallstones carriers become symptomatic and present with either a biliary colic, acute cholecystitis and less common with...
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