1 - 8 of 8 Chapters
[This chapter introduces the main subject of our book, the computer manufacturer Electrologica. It offers a survey of the state of historiography of this subject in the Netherlands and introduces the contributions to this volume.]
[It seemed as if in the Netherlands in postwar years initiatives to construct computers were bound to be absorbed by established industry. Indeed Electrologica, the firm emerging from the mathematics research institute Mathematical Center, did find its end as Philips-Electrologica. But this was...
[Key to the history of Electrologica was the internal struggle to unite two cultures of computing in one company. The successful manufacturing of the X1 did not suffice to gain a stable foothold in the market for administrative computers. Still, the very struggle to make a machine for scientific...
[A personal view of the history of computer science in the Netherlands with some key figures and institutes that dominated the field in the early years is provided. The key figures are Frielink, van Wijngaarden, Blaauw, van der Poel, Dijkstra, and Kruseman Aretz. The institutes are the...
[This chapter provides a personal account of the development of an ALGOL 60 compiler for the Electrologica X8 in the period 1963–1965, placed in the context of the development of computers and the design of compilers at the Mathematical Center in Amsterdam.]
[The author describes where, when, and how Edsger Dijkstra presented to him the problem of mutual exclusion for two processes as an open problem, and how he solved this problem within a few days. Furthermore, some variants of solutions are described with some emphasis on fairness and finally, a...
[From 1967 to 1974, an Electrologica X8 computer was installed at the Institute for Nuclear Research (IKO) in Amsterdam, primarily for online and offline evaluation of experimental data, an application quite different from its “brother’s,” X8’s. During that time, the nuclear detection system...
[IFIP, the International Federation for Information Processing, held a computer-composed music competition in connection with IFIP Congress 68. The following describes how I wrote a program for composing music, which produced a string quartet that received a special mention from the jury....
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