1 - 10 of 10 Chapters
[The shoulder is a structurally complex joint with a variety of functions, most importantly articulating the upper extremities with the trunk and spine. Understanding the anatomy is required to properly identify, diagnose, and treat shoulder pathology. This chapter will review the anatomy of the...
[Rotator cuff tendinopathy and bursitis is a leading cause of shoulder pain, particularly in active or older individuals. There are many causes of rotator cuff tendinopathy, and patients can be successfully treated with a combination of conservative physical therapy or more invasive...
[This chapter is an overall summary and guide to biceps tendonitis. The shoulder is a complex joint with many structures and clinical presentations that can be difficult to differentiate. This chapter is written to help understand the pathophysiology of the long head of the biceps tendonitis in...
[This chapter describes the normal anatomy and function of the labrum, pathologic conditions, clinical presentation, exam findings, diagnostic studies, treatment options, and return-to-activities protocols.]
[Adhesive capsulitis, also known as arthrofibrosis or frozen shoulder, describes a condition where the shoulder is significantly limited in its range of motion leading to significant pain. It is poorly understood, but the leading hypothesis is based upon arthroscopic observations that suggest an...
[Osteoarthritis is a common etiology for chronic shoulder pain. It has a similar disabling impact as osteoarthritis in weight-bearing joints such as the hip and knee. The anatomical locations typically affected are the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) and glenohumeral joint (GHJ). The disease...
[This chapter discusses the pathology, clinical presentation, physical exam findings, diagnosis, treatment, and return-to-play policy related to shoulder injuries resulting from sports trauma. Topics discussed are divided based on traumatic causes: contact sports versus overhead throwing injuries.]
[Fractures of the shoulder girdle are very common. Fracture types vary in epidemiology, mechanism of injury, diagnosis, and treatment based upon their location and severity. These fractures can be categorized into clavicle fractures, scapula fractures, and proximal humerus fractures.]
[This chapter reviews sources of shoulder pain that are not directly due to shoulder-mediated pathology as well as their clinical presentations, diagnostic approach, and management options. The most common source of referred shoulder pain is the cervical spine. This includes cervical...
[The following chapter depicts a series of clinical vignettes with various presentations of shoulder pain in addition to the pertinent physical exam findings, imaging, and ultimate management for each patient.]
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