1 - 5 of 5 Chapters
[Models are used across all scientific disciplines and come in a variety of different forms and shapes: as phenomenological models, theoretical models, mathematical models, toy models, scale models, etc. This bewildering array of different types of models naturally gives rise to the ontological...
[Much of the philosophical debate about scientific models has focused on their representational function. Beginning with a discussion of the problem of scientific representation in general (as explored by Nelson Goodman, Bas van Fraassen, and others) this chapter discusses two specific proposals...
[This chapter looks in detail at a number of case studies from across the natural sciences, with the goal of identifying recurring strategies of model-building. Examples discussed range from target-oriented modeling in population biology (Lotka-Volterra model of predator–prey systems) to...
[This chapter discusses a variety of closely related uses of models which are best described collectively as ‘exploratory modeling’. The importance of exploration to science has recently been emphasized by a number of historians and philosophers of science writing on scientific experimentation,...
[This chapter argues that scientific models function as mediators, contributors, and enablers of scientific knowledge. It begins with a discussion of the ‘models-as-mediators’ view, according to which models are partly autonomous mediators between theory and data. However, close attention to the...
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