1 - 5 of 5 Chapters
[Quantum fluids have emerged from scientific efforts to cool matter to colder and colder temperatures, representing staging posts towards absolute zero (Fig. 1.1). They have contributed to our understanding of the quantum world, and still captivate and intrigue scientists with their bizarre...
[Bose and Einstein’s prediction of Bose–Einstein condensation came out of their theory for how quantum particles in a gas behaved, and was built on the pioneering statistical approach of Boltzmann for classical particles. Here we follow Boltzmann, Bose and Einstein’s footsteps, leading to the...
[The Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE) is a successful and well-established model for describing an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. Here we introduce this model, along with its assumptions. Throughout the rest of this chapter we explore its properties and key time-independent solutions.]
[In the previous chapter we considered the shape of steady state condensates, either homogeneous or confined by trapping potentials. We have seen that the condensate described by the GPE is a special kind of fluid, similar to the idealized Euler fluid without viscosity that appears in classical...
[As well as being free from viscosity, the Bose–Einstein condensate has another striking property—it is constrained to circulate only through the presence of whirlpools of fixed size and quantized circulation. In contrast, in conventional fluids, the eddies can have arbitrary size and...
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Continue with Facebook
Sign up with Google
Log in with Microsoft
Already have an account? Log in
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.
To save an article, log in first, or sign up for a DeepDyve account if you don’t already have one.
Sign Up Log In
To subscribe to email alerts, please log in first, or sign up for a DeepDyve account if you don’t already have one.
To get new article updates from a journal on your personalized homepage, please log in first, or sign up for a DeepDyve account if you don’t already have one.