1 - 6 of 6 Chapters
[To grasp the basic argument of this book, it helps to start with a vivid example.]
[In this chapter, I defend the first step of the main argument: if something is human, it has a set of typical human capacities. A more precise way of putting this step is as follows: there is some set, H, of capacities, such that for any individual X, if X is human, then X has H. I defend this...
[In this chapter, I defend the second step of the main argument: if something has a set of typical human capacities, it has serious moral status. The major line of reasoning in this chapter is that there are cases of human organisms that are in such a state that the only satisfactory basis for...
[If the arguments of Chapters 2 and Chapters 3 are sound, then even human infants, fetuses, embryos, and zygotes have the typical human capacities that are sufficient to generate serious moral status. This conclusion was reached by arguing that, as an adult human organism undergoes temporary...
[If the arguments of Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 are sound, then even the most “marginal” human organisms still have the typical human capacities that are sufficient to generate serious moral status. But this makes my position vulnerable to a version of the “Argument From Marginal Cases” (AMC).]
[In this final chapter, I would like to consider several possible objections to the view defended in the previous pages. Some of these objections will look somewhat familiar: in a sense, they are old objections, or at least new versions of old objections. Some of these objections are somewhat...
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