11 - 20 of 25 Chapters
[Socrates: Can men of your century fly faster than the earth turns?]
[There, too often, the matter is left, B feeling that A is profoundly unclear about what he is asking for, and A reckoning that B’s refusal to have his difficulty indicates only a lack of depth and a narrowness of technique. A’s position is quite shocking, despite the fact that many discussions...
[Contemporary Psychological Behaviorists argue against the existence of mental events in ways that are but little more refined than those of Watson, Lashley, and others 40 years ago. The orthodox case stated by today’s psychologists against the possibility of a science of mental events is...
[If I can imagine X, then X is not logically impossible. If X can be thought, then “X” is consistent. If one could draw a picture of X, then “X” is not self-contradictory.]
[Consider ‘Hume’s dictum’: that from a necessary proposition nothing contingent follows – and vice versa. The effect of this on speculative metaphysics is devastating, although few practicing metaphysicians realize how utterly their position has been devastated. I will spell this out by drawing...
[“F is a good reason for C”, if true at all, could not but have been true – even when F and C are contingent. Much in this claim is true. Much is misleading. Let us sort this out and, en route, discuss a certain pattern of inference, and “the problem of induction”.]
[From what is contingent nothing necessary follows. And from what is necessary nothing contingent follows. Let us call this ‘the Hume-Leibniz dictum’. These theses never occur full-blown in Hume or Leibniz, but the dictum is implicit within the philosophies history has come to associate with...
[There is but one question before us: can a philosopher utilize historical facts without collapsing into the “genetic fallacy”? If he can, will his analyses be improved?]
[Is there such a thing as a ‘Logic of Discovery’? Do we even have a consistent idea of such a thing? The approved answer to this seems to be “No”. Thus Popper argues “The initial stage, the act of conceiving or inventing a theory, seems to me neither to call for logical analysis nor to be...
[An agnostic maintains himself in a state of perfect doubt concerning God’s existence, a position I regard as unsound. The agnostic achieves his equipoise of dubiety only by shifting his ground where logic requires him to stand fast.]
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