1 - 7 of 7 Chapters
[The management of urban ethnic minority development has become a topical and passionate subject, with the Canadian and Chinese experiences being no exception. Since the inception of Canada’s multicultural1 policies in the early 1970s, there has been much written, domestically and abroad, about...
[The word “ethnic” is a relatively old term which has taken on new significance in the second half of the twentieth century. The term derived from the Greek ethnos, which originally meant pagan, and was used in this sense in the English world from the mid-fourteenth century until the...
[While Beijing has a long history dealing with ethnic minorities, the contrast with Toronto’s relatively recent ethnic diversity arising from post-World War Two immigration makes it a compelling comparison. This begs the question whether the contrasting history of the two cities can explain the...
[Echoing the spirit and intent of the UNESCO vision, China and Canada see formal education as a channel or vehicle through which social and economic equity for the general population can provide a path for future economic and social security. This is demonstrated when examining Beijing and...
[In the previous chapter, it was observed that ethnic minority groups have achieved educational attainments on a par or higher than the dominant groups in both cities. To ensure that ethnic minority groups in particular are not denied access to employment reflecting their education, China and...
[Although there is a discord in the ability of ethnic minorities in Beijing and Toronto to convert their educational attainment into occupational outcomes relative to the dominant group, the underlying causes for this apparent ethnic penalty are not entirely straight-forward. This chapter will...
[Ethnicity as a concept is fickle. This was amply seen in chapter one when examining the varying notions of ethnicity and ethnic minority categories in China and Canada, with the former practicing fixed assumed categories with little room for deviation in what constitutes ethnicity and ethnic...
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