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The “self-organizing map” method, due to Kohonen, is a well-known neural network method. It is closely related to cluster analysis (partitioning) and other methods of data analysis. In this article, we explore some of these close relationships. A number of properties of the technique are...
In this paper, dissimilarity relations are defined on triples rather than on dyads. We give a definition of a three-way distance analogous to that of the ordinary two-way distance. It is shown, as a straightforward generalization, that it is possible to define three-way ultrametric, three-way...
Two properties of tree metrics are already known in the literature: tree metrics on a setX withn elements have 2n−3 degrees of freedom; a tree metric has Robinson form with regard to its minimum spanning tree (MST), or to any such MST if several of them exist. Starting from these results, we...
The additive clustering approach is applied to the problem of two-mode clustering and compared with the recent error-variance approach of Eckes and Orlik (1993). Although the schemes of the computational algorithms look very similar in both of the approaches, the additive clustering has been...
Classifications are generally pictured in the form of hierarchical trees, also called dendrograms. A dendrogram is the graphical representation of an ultrametric (=cophenetic) matrix; so dendrograms can be compared to one another by comparing their cophenetic matrices. Three methods used in...
A clustering that consists of a nested set of clusters may be represented graphically by a tree. In contrast, a clustering that includes non-nested overlapping clusters (sometimes termed a “nonhierarchical” clustering) cannot be represented by a tree. Graphical representations of such non-nested...
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