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Abstract In this paper we discuss two simple statistical methods for analyzing spoken language as represented in transcription corpora. The methods are strictly data-driven, in the sense that no preset grammatical category system and no lexical knowledge is assumed. The first method (‘Siblings’)...
Abstract In LFG auxiliaries are currently treated as junctional categories contributing tense and aspectual information, but no predicate. The benefits of this analysis are that the auxiliary complex is associated with a flat f-structure regardless of whether the tenses are realized...
AbstractY Since Webber (1978) it has been known that ellipsis interpretation sometimes requires inference. However, the literature on ellipsis has largely Ignored this: prominent accounts such as (Sag (1976); Williams (1977); Dalrymple et al. (1991); Fiengo and May (1994) and Hardt (1999))...
Abstract This paper provides a formal semantic characterization of specificational copular clauses using the theory of noun phrase interpretation developed by Partee (1987). It is argued that specificational clauses involve an unusual alignment of a predicative noun phrase with the subject...
Abstract We present a computational language learning algorithm that can induce massively probabilistic grammars from treebank data. The paper is based on chapter 6 in my forthcoming thesis “Discontinuous Grammar: A dependency-based model of human parsing and language learning.” We start in...
Abstract The present paper describes theoretical issues underlying an implementation of a typed feature structure grammar processing system with a simple numerical processing component The paper takes its point of departure in an existing system for representation and processing of typed...
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