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One method of investigating the genetic etiology of alcoholism is to study individuals who were separated soon after birth from their alcoholic biological parents. The author and his colleagues conducted a series of such studies in Denmark; they concluded that, despite little exposure to the...
Data are presented showing that learning can have a substantial impact on tolerance to many effects of ethanol. Although the exact nature of this learning has not been fully delineated, animal and human studies indicate that operant, classical conditioning, and associative habituation processes...
Neuropsychological deficits are present in detoxified alcoholics in treatment programs. From 50 to 85% of the individual alcoholics will manifest poorer performance than age and education matched controls, dependent upon the tests used. The deficits are most frequently found in tests of...
Drinking practices among youths, especially those projected to be linked to aberrant development, have been special targets of concern and have been the subject of numerous interventions. Cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys of youths drawn from representative national and regional samples...
This paper highlights key themes in relapse prevention with alcohol abusers. We focus on problems of definition, selected conceptual models, data from assessment and treatment studies, and future directions with emphasis on biopsychosocial interactions.
The “treatment” applied in many alcoholism program evaluations has been assessed in a relatively global, undifferentiated manner. In this article, we consider the treatment domain in terms of five categories: general program factors (physical features, organization and policy factors, aggregate...
This analysis of current data on who is treated for alcoholism, how much it costs, and what its consequences are yields the following conclusions: (1) Poor people, minorities, the elderly, the young, and women still come to treatment less often and remain in treatment for shorter periods of time...
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