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Summary The vulnerability to develop addiction to alcohol has been well established in familial and genetic studies. Similar familial and genetic studies have supported a vulnerability to drug addiction. The co‐occurrence of alcohol and drug addiction in the same individuals is highly prevalent...
Summary Proper diagnosis of comorbid disorders is crucial in treatment planning for the dually diagnosed. Since psychoactive substance use can obfuscate the diagnosis, special care must be taken to exclude organically based syndromes. Adequate periods of abstinence should first be achieved and...
Summary The recent West Coast experience with increased methamphetamine use is showing signs of spreading to other parts of the US. The risk of corresponding medical and psychosocial problems has led to a call to action at the highest levels of government. The next few years will likely witness...
Summary This review examines current therapies of alcoholism and addresses the difficulties encountered in evaluating the result of integrating pharmaco‐ and psychosocial treatment of alcoholics. A variety of treatment modalities and goals, and factors influencing admission of alcoholics, exist...
Summary Systematic efforts by NIDA and NIAAA to develop new medications for drug and alcohol dependence have resulted in recent FDA approval of LAAM for opiate dependence, naltrexone for alcohol dependence and, more recently, a nasal spray for nicotine dependence. This article reviews the...
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