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We measured the concentration of brain monoamine oxidase B (MAO B; EC 18.104.22.168) in 8 smokers and compared it with that in 8 non-smokers and in 4 former smokers using positron emission tomography (PET) and deuterium substituted [11C]L-deprenyl ([11C]L-deprenyl-D2) as a radiotracer for MAO B....
The authors review recent literature that has demonstrated an association between cigarette smoking behavior and major depression. Persons with major depression are more likely to smoke and to have difficulty when they try to stop. When they manage to succeed in stopping, such persons are at...
This study was undertaken to examine differences in caffeine and nicotine use between the psychiatric population and the addicted population in a private psychiatric inpatient facility. Eighty-six patients on an adult addictive disease inpatient unit and 80 patients on an adult psychiatry unit...
The close association of nicotine addiction and alcoholism is well established. As many as 80% of alcoholics smoke, and 30% of smokers are alcoholics. The mortality from cigarette smoking and alcoholism individually is very high, as an estimated 400,000 deaths from tobacco and 100,000 deaths...
Background: Primary care settings are an ideal system in which to identify and treat substance use disorders. Objective: To ascertain the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol, and drug use in the office of 88 primary care clinicians by gender, age and ethnicity. Method: 21,282 adults ages 18-65...
An addiction treatment program devoted two years to preparing to become a smokefree treatment unit that addressed nicotine dependence as another drug dependency. Data collected from September 1990 to July 1995 on 263 admissions before becoming smokefree and 2182 admissions after making the...
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