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In the United States, technology assessment (TA) originated from misgivings about technological determinism and technocracy. Ironi cally, this early "watchdog" type of TA aimed for objective knowledge about the social implications of technology In that paradoxical respect, TA itself was a...
American philosopher Donald Schön provided an account of profes sional problem solving, "reflection in action." An important compo nent of this is "framing experiments"—testing different ways of defin ing (framing) a problem by asking "Can I solve the problem thus set?" and "Would it result in a...
Considering that modern biotechnology can contribute meaningfully to poverty alleviation and sustainable development, the article ad dresses the question of how to facilitate the generation of biotech nological innovations in scientific institutions that are appropriate to small-scale,...
This article presents some methodological experiences with proactive technology assessment from a Danish project carried out in coopera tion between a trade union and researchers. The research project, named "New Technology and Slaughterhouses," was carried out dur ing 1985-1988 in close...
To learn from experiences with interactive technology assessment (ITA), a framework for comparative analysis and evaluation is needed. Such a framework is developed in this article, taking into account both institutional and epistemological considerations. It is argued that a stakeholder-focused...
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