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The hereditary forms of colorectal cancer have been given many names historically as the manifestations have been gradually understood. Lynch syndrome has had several names, most prominently ‘Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer’ or HNPCC. Clarification of the genetic basis and full...
The Lynch syndrome [Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC)] is a dominantly inherited syndrome characterized by the development of a variety of cancers including cancer of colorectum, endometrium, and less frequently, cancer of the small bowel, stomach, urinary tract, ovaries, and...
Since the discovery of the major human genes with DNA mismatch repair (MMR) function in 1993--1995, mutations in four, MSH2, MLH1, MSH6, and PMS2, have been convincingly linked to susceptibility of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)/Lynch syndrome. Among these, PMS2 mutations are...
Lynch syndrome (LS) here is defined as carriership of a deleterious mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutation. By screening for MMR gene mutations in unselected colorectal or endometrial cancer patients, it was found that the prevalence of LS in colorectal and endometrial cancer patients is 1–3%. On...
Colorectal and endometrial cancer are the characteristic tumors of the Lynch syndrome. We reviewed the available evidence on the occurrence of other types of cancer in the syndrome, aiming to identify those types that can be included in the tumor spectrum, based on this evidence. We chose to...
It is now generally recognized that a specific subset of those patients clinically defined as having hereditary non polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) have germline mutations in any one of several genes involved in DNA mismatch repair (MMR). This important subset of HNPCC families is now defined as...
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