Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Ranolazine Increases β-Cell Survival and Improves Glucose Homeostasis in Low-Dose Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Mice

Ranolazine Increases β-Cell Survival and Improves Glucose Homeostasis in Low-Dose... Abstract In addition to its anti-ischemic and antianginal effects, ranolazine has been shown to lower hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in patients with coronary artery disease and diabetes. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that ranolazine lowers HbA1c because of improved glucose homeostasis in an animal model. Diabetes in mice was induced by giving multiple low doses of streptozotocin. Ranolazine was given twice daily via an oral gavage (20 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Fasting plasma glucose levels were significantly lower in the ranolazine-treated group (187 ± 19 mg/dl) compared with the vehicle group (273 ± 23 mg/dl) at 8 weeks. HbA1c was 5.8 ± 0.4% in the vehicle group and 4.5 ± 0.2% in the ranolazine-treated group (p < 0.05). Glucose disposal during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin tolerance test were not different between the two groups; however, during OGTT, peak insulin levels were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in ranolazine-treated mice. Mice treated with ranolazine had healthier islet morphology and significantly (p < 0.01) higher β-cell mass (69 ± 2% per islet) than the vehicle group (50 ± 5% per islet) as determined from hematoxylin and eosin staining. The number of apoptotic cells was significantly (p < 0.05) less in the pancreas of the ranolazine-treated group (14 ± 2% per islet) compared with the vehicle group (24 ± 4% per islet). In addition, ranolazine increased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in rat and human islets in a glucose-dependent manner. These data suggest that ranolazine may be a novel antidiabetic agent that causes β-cell preservation and enhances insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent manner in diabetic mice. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Am. Soc for Pharma & Experimental Therapeutics

Ranolazine Increases β-Cell Survival and Improves Glucose Homeostasis in Low-Dose Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Mice

9 pages

Loading next page...
 
/lp/am-soc-for-pharma-experimental-therapeutics/ranolazine-increases-cell-survival-and-improves-glucose-homeostasis-in-I9SZmp0X5L

References (43)

Publisher
Am. Soc for Pharma & Experimental Therapeutics
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
ISSN
0022-3565
eISSN
1521-0103
DOI
10.1124/jpet.110.176396
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract In addition to its anti-ischemic and antianginal effects, ranolazine has been shown to lower hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in patients with coronary artery disease and diabetes. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that ranolazine lowers HbA1c because of improved glucose homeostasis in an animal model. Diabetes in mice was induced by giving multiple low doses of streptozotocin. Ranolazine was given twice daily via an oral gavage (20 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Fasting plasma glucose levels were significantly lower in the ranolazine-treated group (187 ± 19 mg/dl) compared with the vehicle group (273 ± 23 mg/dl) at 8 weeks. HbA1c was 5.8 ± 0.4% in the vehicle group and 4.5 ± 0.2% in the ranolazine-treated group (p < 0.05). Glucose disposal during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin tolerance test were not different between the two groups; however, during OGTT, peak insulin levels were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in ranolazine-treated mice. Mice treated with ranolazine had healthier islet morphology and significantly (p < 0.01) higher β-cell mass (69 ± 2% per islet) than the vehicle group (50 ± 5% per islet) as determined from hematoxylin and eosin staining. The number of apoptotic cells was significantly (p < 0.05) less in the pancreas of the ranolazine-treated group (14 ± 2% per islet) compared with the vehicle group (24 ± 4% per islet). In addition, ranolazine increased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in rat and human islets in a glucose-dependent manner. These data suggest that ranolazine may be a novel antidiabetic agent that causes β-cell preservation and enhances insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent manner in diabetic mice.

Journal

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental TherapeuticsAm. Soc for Pharma & Experimental Therapeutics

Published: Apr 1, 2011

There are no references for this article.