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A Simple and Fast Method for the Simultaneous Detection of Nine Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 3 Mutations in Bladder Cancer and Voided Urine

A Simple and Fast Method for the Simultaneous Detection of Nine Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor... Purpose: Mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 ( FGFR3 ) occur in 50% of primary bladder tumors. An FGFR3 mutation is associated with good prognosis, illustrated by significantly lower percentage of patients with progression and disease-specific mortality. FGFR3 mutations are especially prevalent in low grade/stage tumors, with pTa tumors harboring mutations in 85% of the cases. These tumors recur in 70% of patients. Efficient FGFR3 mutation detection for prognostic purposes and for detection of recurrences in urine is an important clinical issue. In this paper, we describe a simple assay for the simultaneous detection of nine different FGFR3 mutations. Experimental Design: The assay consists of one multiplex PCR, followed by extension of primers for each mutation with a labeled dideoxynucleotide. The extended primers are separated by capillary electrophoresis, and the identity of the incorporated nucleotide indicates the presence or absence of a mutation. Results: The assay was found to be more sensitive than single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Mutations could still be detected with an input of only 1 ng of genomic DNA and in a 20-fold excess of wild-type DNA. Moreover, in urine samples from patients with a mutant tumor, the sensitivity of mutation detection was 62%. Conclusions: We have developed a fast, easy to use assay for the simultaneous detection of FGFR3 mutations, which can be of assistance in clinical decision-making and as an alternative for the follow-up of patients by invasive cystoscopy for the detection of recurrences in urine. bladder cancer FGFR3 mutation analysis prognosis urine http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical Cancer Research American Association of Cancer Research

A Simple and Fast Method for the Simultaneous Detection of Nine Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 3 Mutations in Bladder Cancer and Voided Urine

A Simple and Fast Method for the Simultaneous Detection of Nine Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 3 Mutations in Bladder Cancer and Voided Urine

Clinical Cancer Research , Volume 11 (21): 7743 – Nov 1, 2005

Abstract

Purpose: Mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 ( FGFR3 ) occur in 50% of primary bladder tumors. An FGFR3 mutation is associated with good prognosis, illustrated by significantly lower percentage of patients with progression and disease-specific mortality. FGFR3 mutations are especially prevalent in low grade/stage tumors, with pTa tumors harboring mutations in 85% of the cases. These tumors recur in 70% of patients. Efficient FGFR3 mutation detection for prognostic purposes and for detection of recurrences in urine is an important clinical issue. In this paper, we describe a simple assay for the simultaneous detection of nine different FGFR3 mutations. Experimental Design: The assay consists of one multiplex PCR, followed by extension of primers for each mutation with a labeled dideoxynucleotide. The extended primers are separated by capillary electrophoresis, and the identity of the incorporated nucleotide indicates the presence or absence of a mutation. Results: The assay was found to be more sensitive than single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Mutations could still be detected with an input of only 1 ng of genomic DNA and in a 20-fold excess of wild-type DNA. Moreover, in urine samples from patients with a mutant tumor, the sensitivity of mutation detection was 62%. Conclusions: We have developed a fast, easy to use assay for the simultaneous detection of FGFR3 mutations, which can be of assistance in clinical decision-making and as an alternative for the follow-up of patients by invasive cystoscopy for the detection of recurrences in urine. bladder cancer FGFR3 mutation analysis prognosis urine

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References (20)

Publisher
American Association of Cancer Research
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN
1078-0432
eISSN
1557-3265
DOI
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-05-1045
pmid
16278395
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose: Mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 ( FGFR3 ) occur in 50% of primary bladder tumors. An FGFR3 mutation is associated with good prognosis, illustrated by significantly lower percentage of patients with progression and disease-specific mortality. FGFR3 mutations are especially prevalent in low grade/stage tumors, with pTa tumors harboring mutations in 85% of the cases. These tumors recur in 70% of patients. Efficient FGFR3 mutation detection for prognostic purposes and for detection of recurrences in urine is an important clinical issue. In this paper, we describe a simple assay for the simultaneous detection of nine different FGFR3 mutations. Experimental Design: The assay consists of one multiplex PCR, followed by extension of primers for each mutation with a labeled dideoxynucleotide. The extended primers are separated by capillary electrophoresis, and the identity of the incorporated nucleotide indicates the presence or absence of a mutation. Results: The assay was found to be more sensitive than single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Mutations could still be detected with an input of only 1 ng of genomic DNA and in a 20-fold excess of wild-type DNA. Moreover, in urine samples from patients with a mutant tumor, the sensitivity of mutation detection was 62%. Conclusions: We have developed a fast, easy to use assay for the simultaneous detection of FGFR3 mutations, which can be of assistance in clinical decision-making and as an alternative for the follow-up of patients by invasive cystoscopy for the detection of recurrences in urine. bladder cancer FGFR3 mutation analysis prognosis urine

Journal

Clinical Cancer ResearchAmerican Association of Cancer Research

Published: Nov 1, 2005

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