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Enhanced c-erbB-2/neu Expression in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells Correlates with More Severe Malignancy That Can Be Suppressed by E1A

Enhanced c-erbB-2/neu Expression in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells Correlates with More Severe... Amplification or overexpression of c- erb B-2/ neu protooncogene, or both, occur frequently in many different types of human cancers and have been shown to correlate with decreased survival in ovarian cancer patients. We have previously found that the ovarian carcinoma cell line SK-OV-3 overexpresses c- erb B-2/ neu mRNA. To further study the biological effect of c- erb B-2/ neu overexpression in SK-OV-3 cells, we injected such cells i.p. into female nu/nu mice and found that this cell line forms extensive abdominal tumors and ascites. From the ascites in an injected mouse, we established the SKOV3.ip1 cell line and found that it expressed 2-fold more c- erb B-2/ neu -encoded p185 proteins than the parental SK-OV-3 cells. When transformation phenotypes of SK-OV-3 and SKOV3.ip1 cells were compared, SKOV3.ip1 cells showed higher cell growth and DNA synthesis rates, formed more colonies in soft agar, produced larger s.c. tumors, and resulted in shorter survival of nu/nu mice after i.p. injection. These data indicate that the level of c- erb B-2/ neu overexpression may correlate with the degree of malignancy in these ovarian carcinoma cells. Since we had previously shown that the adenovirus 5 E1A gene product can suppress transformation and metastatic properties induced by mutation-activated rat neu oncogene in mouse embryo fibroblast cells, we further examined whether E1A can abrogate malignancy in c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing human ovarian cancer cells. We introduced the E1A gene into c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing SKOV3.ip1 cells and found that the E1A-expressing ovarian cancer cell lines had decreased c- erb B-2/ neu -encoded p185 expression and reduced malignancy, including a decreased ability to induce tumors in nu/nu mice. Therefore, we concluded that E1A is a tumor suppressor gene for c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing human ovarian cancer cells and may be useful in developing therapeutic reagents for these human cancers. 1 Supported in part by DHHS Cancer Center Core Support Grant CA16672 from the National Cancer Institute. 2 Supported by DHHS Grant RO3-CA54989 from the National Cancer Institute. 3 Supported by Training of Academic Gynecologic Oncologists Grant CA09632 from the National Cancer Institute. 4 Supported by DHHS Grant R29-CA51053 from the National Cancer Institute. 5 Supported by DHHS Grant R01-CA58880 from the National Cancer Institute, Smokeless Tobacco Research Council Grant 0287, and PRS Research Grant of M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. To whom requests for reprints should be addressed, at Department of Tumor Biology, Box 79, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer Research American Association of Cancer Research

Enhanced c-erbB-2/neu Expression in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells Correlates with More Severe Malignancy That Can Be Suppressed by E1A

Enhanced c-erbB-2/neu Expression in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells Correlates with More Severe Malignancy That Can Be Suppressed by E1A

Cancer Research , Volume 53 (4): 891 – Feb 15, 1993

Abstract

Amplification or overexpression of c- erb B-2/ neu protooncogene, or both, occur frequently in many different types of human cancers and have been shown to correlate with decreased survival in ovarian cancer patients. We have previously found that the ovarian carcinoma cell line SK-OV-3 overexpresses c- erb B-2/ neu mRNA. To further study the biological effect of c- erb B-2/ neu overexpression in SK-OV-3 cells, we injected such cells i.p. into female nu/nu mice and found that this cell line forms extensive abdominal tumors and ascites. From the ascites in an injected mouse, we established the SKOV3.ip1 cell line and found that it expressed 2-fold more c- erb B-2/ neu -encoded p185 proteins than the parental SK-OV-3 cells. When transformation phenotypes of SK-OV-3 and SKOV3.ip1 cells were compared, SKOV3.ip1 cells showed higher cell growth and DNA synthesis rates, formed more colonies in soft agar, produced larger s.c. tumors, and resulted in shorter survival of nu/nu mice after i.p. injection. These data indicate that the level of c- erb B-2/ neu overexpression may correlate with the degree of malignancy in these ovarian carcinoma cells. Since we had previously shown that the adenovirus 5 E1A gene product can suppress transformation and metastatic properties induced by mutation-activated rat neu oncogene in mouse embryo fibroblast cells, we further examined whether E1A can abrogate malignancy in c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing human ovarian cancer cells. We introduced the E1A gene into c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing SKOV3.ip1 cells and found that the E1A-expressing ovarian cancer cell lines had decreased c- erb B-2/ neu -encoded p185 expression and reduced malignancy, including a decreased ability to induce tumors in nu/nu mice. Therefore, we concluded that E1A is a tumor suppressor gene for c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing human ovarian cancer cells and may be useful in developing therapeutic reagents for these human cancers. 1 Supported in part by DHHS Cancer Center Core Support Grant CA16672 from the National Cancer Institute. 2 Supported by DHHS Grant RO3-CA54989 from the National Cancer Institute. 3 Supported by Training of Academic Gynecologic Oncologists Grant CA09632 from the National Cancer Institute. 4 Supported by DHHS Grant R29-CA51053 from the National Cancer Institute. 5 Supported by DHHS Grant R01-CA58880 from the National Cancer Institute, Smokeless Tobacco Research Council Grant 0287, and PRS Research Grant of M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. To whom requests for reprints should be addressed, at Department of Tumor Biology, Box 79, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030.

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Publisher
American Association of Cancer Research
Copyright
Copyright © 1993 by the American Association for Cancer Research.
ISSN
0008-5472
Publisher site

Abstract

Amplification or overexpression of c- erb B-2/ neu protooncogene, or both, occur frequently in many different types of human cancers and have been shown to correlate with decreased survival in ovarian cancer patients. We have previously found that the ovarian carcinoma cell line SK-OV-3 overexpresses c- erb B-2/ neu mRNA. To further study the biological effect of c- erb B-2/ neu overexpression in SK-OV-3 cells, we injected such cells i.p. into female nu/nu mice and found that this cell line forms extensive abdominal tumors and ascites. From the ascites in an injected mouse, we established the SKOV3.ip1 cell line and found that it expressed 2-fold more c- erb B-2/ neu -encoded p185 proteins than the parental SK-OV-3 cells. When transformation phenotypes of SK-OV-3 and SKOV3.ip1 cells were compared, SKOV3.ip1 cells showed higher cell growth and DNA synthesis rates, formed more colonies in soft agar, produced larger s.c. tumors, and resulted in shorter survival of nu/nu mice after i.p. injection. These data indicate that the level of c- erb B-2/ neu overexpression may correlate with the degree of malignancy in these ovarian carcinoma cells. Since we had previously shown that the adenovirus 5 E1A gene product can suppress transformation and metastatic properties induced by mutation-activated rat neu oncogene in mouse embryo fibroblast cells, we further examined whether E1A can abrogate malignancy in c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing human ovarian cancer cells. We introduced the E1A gene into c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing SKOV3.ip1 cells and found that the E1A-expressing ovarian cancer cell lines had decreased c- erb B-2/ neu -encoded p185 expression and reduced malignancy, including a decreased ability to induce tumors in nu/nu mice. Therefore, we concluded that E1A is a tumor suppressor gene for c- erb B-2/ neu -overexpressing human ovarian cancer cells and may be useful in developing therapeutic reagents for these human cancers. 1 Supported in part by DHHS Cancer Center Core Support Grant CA16672 from the National Cancer Institute. 2 Supported by DHHS Grant RO3-CA54989 from the National Cancer Institute. 3 Supported by Training of Academic Gynecologic Oncologists Grant CA09632 from the National Cancer Institute. 4 Supported by DHHS Grant R29-CA51053 from the National Cancer Institute. 5 Supported by DHHS Grant R01-CA58880 from the National Cancer Institute, Smokeless Tobacco Research Council Grant 0287, and PRS Research Grant of M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. To whom requests for reprints should be addressed, at Department of Tumor Biology, Box 79, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030.

Journal

Cancer ResearchAmerican Association of Cancer Research

Published: Feb 15, 1993

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