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Suicide and Alcoholism: Interpersonal Loss Confirmed as a Predictor

Suicide and Alcoholism: Interpersonal Loss Confirmed as a Predictor Abstract • We earlier reported that nearly one third of a consecutive series of 31 alcoholics who committed suicide had experienced loss of a close interpersonal relationship within six weeks or less of their death. In a replication study of 50 additional unselected alcoholic suicides, we found that 26% had experienced such loss within six weeks. As before, the distribution of such events was strikingly and significantly skewed toward the final weeks of the subject's life. This powerful confirmation gives added significance to such loss as a predictor of suicide among alcoholics. References 1. Murphy GE: Clinical identification of suicidal risk . Arch Gen Psychiatry 27:356-359, 1972.Crossref 2. Dublin LI: Suicide: A Sociological and Statistical Study . New York, Ronald Press Co, 1963. 3. Suicides according to marital status by sex and age . World Health Stat Rep 21:438-442, 1968. 4. Robins E, Murphy GE, Wilkinson RH Jr, et al: Some clinical considerations in the prevention of suicide based on a study of 134 successful suicides . Am J Public Health 49:888-899, 1959.Crossref 5. Dorpat TL, Ripley HS: A study of suicide in the Seattle area . Compr Psychiatry 1:349-359, 1960.Crossref 6. Barraclough B, Bunch J, Nelson B, et al: A hundred cases of suicide: Clinical aspects . Br J Psychiatry 125:355-373, 1974.Crossref 7. Guze SB, Robins E: Suicide and primary affective disorders . Br J Psychiatry 117:437-438, 1970.Crossref 8. Pitts FN Jr, Winokur G: Affective disorder: III. Diagnostic correlates and incidence of suicide . J Nerv Ment Dis 139:176-181, 1964.Crossref 9. Rushing WA: Deviance, interpersonal relations and suicide . Hum Relations 22:61-76, 1969.Crossref 10. Bunney WE Jr, Fawcett JA, Davis JM, et al: Further evaluation of urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in suicidal patients . Arch Gen Psychiatry 21:138-150, 1969.Crossref 11. Krieger G: Biochemical predictors of suicide . Dis Nerv Syst 31:479-482, 1970. 12. Robins E, Gassner S, Kayes J, et al: The communication of suicidal intent: A study of 134 consecutive cases of successful (completed) suicide . Am J Psychiatry 115:724-733, 1959. 13. Fawcett J, Leff J, Bunney WE Jr: Suicide: Clues from interpersonal communication . Arch Gen Psychiatry 21:129-137, 1969.Crossref 14. Attkisson CC: Suicide in San Francisco's skid row . Ment Health Res Dig 8:31-33, 1970. 15. Murphy GE, Wetzel RD, Swallow CL, et al: Who calls the suicide prevention center: A study of 55 persons calling on their own behalf . Am J Psychiatry 126:314-324, 1969. 16. Barraclough BM, Shea M: A comparison between "Samaritan suicides" and living Samaritan clients . Br J Psychiatry 120:79-84, 1972.Crossref 17. Wold CI, Litman RE: Suicide after contact with a suicide prevention center . Arch Gen Psychiatry 28:735-739, 1973.Crossref 18. Murphy GE, Robins E: Social factors in suicide . JAMA 199:303-308, 1967.Crossref 19. Feighner JP, Robins E, Guze SB, et al: Diagnostic criteria for use in psychiatric research . Arch Gen Psychiatry 26:57-63, 1972.Crossref 20. Robins E, Gentry KA, Munoz RA, et al: A contrast of the three more common illnesses with the ten less common in a study and 18-month follow-up of 314 psychiatric emergency room patients: II. Characteristics of patients with the three more common illnesses . Arch Gen Psychiatry 34:269-281, 1977.Crossref 21. Winokur G: Family history studies: VIII. Secondary depression is alive and well and.... Dis Nerv Syst 33:94-99, 1972. 22. Cadoret R, Winokur G: Depression in alcoholism . Ann NY Acad Sci 233:34-39, 1974.Crossref 23. Woodruff RA, Guze SB, Clayton PJ, et al: Alcoholism and depression . Arch Gen Psychiatry 28:97-100, 1973.Crossref 24. Weissman MM, Pottenger M, Kleber H, et al: Symptom patterns in primary and secondary depression: A comparison of primary depressives with depressed opiate addicts, alcoholics and schizophrenics . Arch Gen Psychiatry 34:854-862, 1977.Crossref 25. Virkkunen M: Alcoholism and suicides in Helsinki . Psychiatr Fenn , 1971, pp 201-207. 26. Lönnqvist J, Achté KA: Excessive drinking in psychiatric patients who later committed suicide . Psychiatr Fenn , 1971, pp 209-213. 27. Age Patterns in Medical Care, Illness and Disability: United States, 1968-1969. Public Health Service publication 1000. Series 10, No. 70, US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, April 1972. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

Suicide and Alcoholism: Interpersonal Loss Confirmed as a Predictor

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References (28)

Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1979 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1979.01780010071007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • We earlier reported that nearly one third of a consecutive series of 31 alcoholics who committed suicide had experienced loss of a close interpersonal relationship within six weeks or less of their death. In a replication study of 50 additional unselected alcoholic suicides, we found that 26% had experienced such loss within six weeks. As before, the distribution of such events was strikingly and significantly skewed toward the final weeks of the subject's life. This powerful confirmation gives added significance to such loss as a predictor of suicide among alcoholics. References 1. Murphy GE: Clinical identification of suicidal risk . Arch Gen Psychiatry 27:356-359, 1972.Crossref 2. Dublin LI: Suicide: A Sociological and Statistical Study . New York, Ronald Press Co, 1963. 3. Suicides according to marital status by sex and age . World Health Stat Rep 21:438-442, 1968. 4. Robins E, Murphy GE, Wilkinson RH Jr, et al: Some clinical considerations in the prevention of suicide based on a study of 134 successful suicides . Am J Public Health 49:888-899, 1959.Crossref 5. Dorpat TL, Ripley HS: A study of suicide in the Seattle area . Compr Psychiatry 1:349-359, 1960.Crossref 6. Barraclough B, Bunch J, Nelson B, et al: A hundred cases of suicide: Clinical aspects . Br J Psychiatry 125:355-373, 1974.Crossref 7. Guze SB, Robins E: Suicide and primary affective disorders . Br J Psychiatry 117:437-438, 1970.Crossref 8. Pitts FN Jr, Winokur G: Affective disorder: III. Diagnostic correlates and incidence of suicide . J Nerv Ment Dis 139:176-181, 1964.Crossref 9. Rushing WA: Deviance, interpersonal relations and suicide . Hum Relations 22:61-76, 1969.Crossref 10. Bunney WE Jr, Fawcett JA, Davis JM, et al: Further evaluation of urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in suicidal patients . Arch Gen Psychiatry 21:138-150, 1969.Crossref 11. Krieger G: Biochemical predictors of suicide . Dis Nerv Syst 31:479-482, 1970. 12. Robins E, Gassner S, Kayes J, et al: The communication of suicidal intent: A study of 134 consecutive cases of successful (completed) suicide . Am J Psychiatry 115:724-733, 1959. 13. Fawcett J, Leff J, Bunney WE Jr: Suicide: Clues from interpersonal communication . Arch Gen Psychiatry 21:129-137, 1969.Crossref 14. Attkisson CC: Suicide in San Francisco's skid row . Ment Health Res Dig 8:31-33, 1970. 15. Murphy GE, Wetzel RD, Swallow CL, et al: Who calls the suicide prevention center: A study of 55 persons calling on their own behalf . Am J Psychiatry 126:314-324, 1969. 16. Barraclough BM, Shea M: A comparison between "Samaritan suicides" and living Samaritan clients . Br J Psychiatry 120:79-84, 1972.Crossref 17. Wold CI, Litman RE: Suicide after contact with a suicide prevention center . Arch Gen Psychiatry 28:735-739, 1973.Crossref 18. Murphy GE, Robins E: Social factors in suicide . JAMA 199:303-308, 1967.Crossref 19. Feighner JP, Robins E, Guze SB, et al: Diagnostic criteria for use in psychiatric research . Arch Gen Psychiatry 26:57-63, 1972.Crossref 20. Robins E, Gentry KA, Munoz RA, et al: A contrast of the three more common illnesses with the ten less common in a study and 18-month follow-up of 314 psychiatric emergency room patients: II. Characteristics of patients with the three more common illnesses . Arch Gen Psychiatry 34:269-281, 1977.Crossref 21. Winokur G: Family history studies: VIII. Secondary depression is alive and well and.... Dis Nerv Syst 33:94-99, 1972. 22. Cadoret R, Winokur G: Depression in alcoholism . Ann NY Acad Sci 233:34-39, 1974.Crossref 23. Woodruff RA, Guze SB, Clayton PJ, et al: Alcoholism and depression . Arch Gen Psychiatry 28:97-100, 1973.Crossref 24. Weissman MM, Pottenger M, Kleber H, et al: Symptom patterns in primary and secondary depression: A comparison of primary depressives with depressed opiate addicts, alcoholics and schizophrenics . Arch Gen Psychiatry 34:854-862, 1977.Crossref 25. Virkkunen M: Alcoholism and suicides in Helsinki . Psychiatr Fenn , 1971, pp 201-207. 26. Lönnqvist J, Achté KA: Excessive drinking in psychiatric patients who later committed suicide . Psychiatr Fenn , 1971, pp 209-213. 27. Age Patterns in Medical Care, Illness and Disability: United States, 1968-1969. Public Health Service publication 1000. Series 10, No. 70, US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, April 1972.

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1979

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