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Efficient Experimental Estimation of Fidelity of Linear Optical Quantum Toffoli Gate

Efficient Experimental Estimation of Fidelity of Linear Optical Quantum Toffoli Gate We propose an efficiently measurable lower bound on quantum process fidelity of N -qubit controlled- Z gates. This bound is determined by average output state fidelities for N partially conjugate product bases. A distinct advantage of our approach is that only fidelities with product states need to be measured while keeping the total number of measurements much smaller than what is necessary for full quantum process tomography. As an application, we use this method to experimentally estimate quantum process fidelity F of a three-qubit linear optical quantum Toffoli gate and we find that F ≥ 0.83 . We also demonstrate the entangling capability of the gate by preparing Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-type three-qubit entangled states from input product states. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (APS)

Efficient Experimental Estimation of Fidelity of Linear Optical Quantum Toffoli Gate

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References (7)

Publisher
American Physical Society (APS)
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 The American Physical Society
ISSN
1079-7114
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.160407
pmid
24182241
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We propose an efficiently measurable lower bound on quantum process fidelity of N -qubit controlled- Z gates. This bound is determined by average output state fidelities for N partially conjugate product bases. A distinct advantage of our approach is that only fidelities with product states need to be measured while keeping the total number of measurements much smaller than what is necessary for full quantum process tomography. As an application, we use this method to experimentally estimate quantum process fidelity F of a three-qubit linear optical quantum Toffoli gate and we find that F ≥ 0.83 . We also demonstrate the entangling capability of the gate by preparing Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-type three-qubit entangled states from input product states.

Journal

Physical Review LettersAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Oct 18, 2013

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