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Soft signs and neuropsychological performance in schizophrenia

Soft signs and neuropsychological performance in schizophrenia OBJECTIVE: Both neuropsychological impairment and neurological soft signs have been documented in at least a subset of patients with schizophrenia. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between soft signs and neuropsychological performance in patients with schizophrenia in order to address the issue of whether soft signs are related to global or more selective cognitive impairment. METHOD: Patients with a DSM-III-R diagnosis of schizophrenia (N=176) were given a standardized neuropsychological battery and underwent a neurological examination. The study group was dichotomized on the basis of presence or absence of neurological soft signs. RESULTS: Patients with neurological soft signs (N=68) demonstrated significantly poorer performance on neuropsychological tasks that assessed timed motor speed and motor coordination (e.g., finger tapping, the Purdue Pegboard task, and part B of the Trail Making Test). These findings continued to be significant even after lifetime medication exposure, extrapyramidal symptoms, and abnormal involuntary movements were used as covariates. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the notion that soft signs are a manifestation of a localizable behavioral deficit of the systems that are involved in motor speed, coordination, and sequencing and are not indicative of global cognitive impairment. The specific deficit in motor abilities is consistent with the types of neurological soft signs that are most frequently reported and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Psychiatry American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc (Journal)

Soft signs and neuropsychological performance in schizophrenia

Soft signs and neuropsychological performance in schizophrenia

American Journal of Psychiatry , Volume 153 (4): 526 – Apr 1, 1996

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Both neuropsychological impairment and neurological soft signs have been documented in at least a subset of patients with schizophrenia. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between soft signs and neuropsychological performance in patients with schizophrenia in order to address the issue of whether soft signs are related to global or more selective cognitive impairment. METHOD: Patients with a DSM-III-R diagnosis of schizophrenia (N=176) were given a standardized neuropsychological battery and underwent a neurological examination. The study group was dichotomized on the basis of presence or absence of neurological soft signs. RESULTS: Patients with neurological soft signs (N=68) demonstrated significantly poorer performance on neuropsychological tasks that assessed timed motor speed and motor coordination (e.g., finger tapping, the Purdue Pegboard task, and part B of the Trail Making Test). These findings continued to be significant even after lifetime medication exposure, extrapyramidal symptoms, and abnormal involuntary movements were used as covariates. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the notion that soft signs are a manifestation of a localizable behavioral deficit of the systems that are involved in motor speed, coordination, and sequencing and are not indicative of global cognitive impairment. The specific deficit in motor abilities is consistent with the types of neurological soft signs that are most frequently reported and

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Publisher
American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc (Journal)
Copyright
Copyright © 1996 American Psychiatric Association. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0002-953X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Both neuropsychological impairment and neurological soft signs have been documented in at least a subset of patients with schizophrenia. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between soft signs and neuropsychological performance in patients with schizophrenia in order to address the issue of whether soft signs are related to global or more selective cognitive impairment. METHOD: Patients with a DSM-III-R diagnosis of schizophrenia (N=176) were given a standardized neuropsychological battery and underwent a neurological examination. The study group was dichotomized on the basis of presence or absence of neurological soft signs. RESULTS: Patients with neurological soft signs (N=68) demonstrated significantly poorer performance on neuropsychological tasks that assessed timed motor speed and motor coordination (e.g., finger tapping, the Purdue Pegboard task, and part B of the Trail Making Test). These findings continued to be significant even after lifetime medication exposure, extrapyramidal symptoms, and abnormal involuntary movements were used as covariates. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the notion that soft signs are a manifestation of a localizable behavioral deficit of the systems that are involved in motor speed, coordination, and sequencing and are not indicative of global cognitive impairment. The specific deficit in motor abilities is consistent with the types of neurological soft signs that are most frequently reported and

Journal

American Journal of PsychiatryAmerican Psychiatric Publishing, Inc (Journal)

Published: Apr 1, 1996

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