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Cognitive patterns and major depressive disorder: A longitudinal study in a hospital setting

Cognitive patterns and major depressive disorder: A longitudinal study in a hospital setting Assessed the cognitive patterns of individuals suffering from unipolar major depressive disorder, episodic and nonpsychotic type, shortly after admittance to an inpatient psychiatric facility and again shortly before discharge. In addition to the depressive group, a nondepressed psychiatric and a nondepressed normal group were administered the same measures (Hopelessness Scale, the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, and the Attributional Style Questionnaire) at comparable points in time. In contrast to the concept of a traitlike depressive cognitive style that persists beyond remission of the current depressive episode, the depressives showed dramatic changes on all of the cognitive measures as their symptoms abated. Results suggest that unipolar major depressive disorder, episodic and nonpsychotic type, may be heterogeneous with respect to cognitive patterns. Whereas a sizeable group of Ss suffering from this disorder exhibited the hypothesized depressive cognitive profile during the depressive episode, others did not. (41 ref) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Abnormal Psychology American Psychological Association

Cognitive patterns and major depressive disorder: A longitudinal study in a hospital setting

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References (35)

Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1983 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0021-843X
eISSN
1939-1846
DOI
10.1037/0021-843X.92.2.173
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Assessed the cognitive patterns of individuals suffering from unipolar major depressive disorder, episodic and nonpsychotic type, shortly after admittance to an inpatient psychiatric facility and again shortly before discharge. In addition to the depressive group, a nondepressed psychiatric and a nondepressed normal group were administered the same measures (Hopelessness Scale, the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, and the Attributional Style Questionnaire) at comparable points in time. In contrast to the concept of a traitlike depressive cognitive style that persists beyond remission of the current depressive episode, the depressives showed dramatic changes on all of the cognitive measures as their symptoms abated. Results suggest that unipolar major depressive disorder, episodic and nonpsychotic type, may be heterogeneous with respect to cognitive patterns. Whereas a sizeable group of Ss suffering from this disorder exhibited the hypothesized depressive cognitive profile during the depressive episode, others did not. (41 ref)

Journal

Journal of Abnormal PsychologyAmerican Psychological Association

Published: May 1, 1983

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