Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Comparison of Interventions for Women Experiencing Body Image Problems

Comparison of Interventions for Women Experiencing Body Image Problems In this study, we investigated the effects of three counseling interventions on women’s body image and self-concept. The interventions used were cognitive therapy techniques, cognitive behavior therapy techniques, and reflective therapy techniques. Women experiencing body image problems (N= 79) completed Secord and Jourard’s (1953)Body-Cathexis and Self-Cathexis Scales and were classified into either moderate or severe body image disturbance groups. Participants were randomly assigned to a therapy or the control group. Those assigned to the therapies participated in three structured interviews and did homework. Cognitive techniques emphasized changing self-statements, and reflective techniques explored feelings. A double repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance was performed on pre- and postscores on the Body-Cathexis and Self-Cathexis Scales, which had been found to be correlated. All participants improved in body image and self-concept. Therapy was better than no therapy. Cognitive therapy techniques were most effective for body image, and cognitive therapy techniques and cognitive behavior therapy techniques were most effective for self-concept. Participants in both classifications improved significantly on body image. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Counseling Psychology American Psychological Association

Comparison of Interventions for Women Experiencing Body Image Problems

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-psychological-association/comparison-of-interventions-for-women-experiencing-body-image-problems-dAml02XlWV

References (22)

Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1987 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0022-0167
eISSN
1939-2168
DOI
10.1037/0022-0167.34.2.136
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the effects of three counseling interventions on women’s body image and self-concept. The interventions used were cognitive therapy techniques, cognitive behavior therapy techniques, and reflective therapy techniques. Women experiencing body image problems (N= 79) completed Secord and Jourard’s (1953)Body-Cathexis and Self-Cathexis Scales and were classified into either moderate or severe body image disturbance groups. Participants were randomly assigned to a therapy or the control group. Those assigned to the therapies participated in three structured interviews and did homework. Cognitive techniques emphasized changing self-statements, and reflective techniques explored feelings. A double repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance was performed on pre- and postscores on the Body-Cathexis and Self-Cathexis Scales, which had been found to be correlated. All participants improved in body image and self-concept. Therapy was better than no therapy. Cognitive therapy techniques were most effective for body image, and cognitive therapy techniques and cognitive behavior therapy techniques were most effective for self-concept. Participants in both classifications improved significantly on body image.

Journal

Journal of Counseling PsychologyAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Apr 1, 1987

There are no references for this article.