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Costs and Benefits of Judgment Errors: Implications for Debiasing

Costs and Benefits of Judgment Errors: Implications for Debiasing Some authors questioned the ecological validity of judgmental biases demonstrated in the laboratory. One objection to these demonstrations is that evolutionary pressures would have rendered such maladaptive behaviors extinct if they had any impact in the “real world.” I attempt to show that even beneficial adaptations may have costs. I extend this argument to propose three types of judgment errors—strategy-based errors, association-based errors, and psychophysical based errors—each of which is a cost of a highly adaptive system. This taxonomy of judgment behaviors is used to advance hypotheses as to which debiasing techniques are likely to succeed in each category. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychological Bulletin American Psychological Association

Costs and Benefits of Judgment Errors: Implications for Debiasing

Psychological Bulletin , Volume 110 (3): 13 – Nov 1, 1991

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References (77)

Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1991 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0033-2909
eISSN
1939-1455
DOI
10.1037/0033-2909.110.3.486
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Some authors questioned the ecological validity of judgmental biases demonstrated in the laboratory. One objection to these demonstrations is that evolutionary pressures would have rendered such maladaptive behaviors extinct if they had any impact in the “real world.” I attempt to show that even beneficial adaptations may have costs. I extend this argument to propose three types of judgment errors—strategy-based errors, association-based errors, and psychophysical based errors—each of which is a cost of a highly adaptive system. This taxonomy of judgment behaviors is used to advance hypotheses as to which debiasing techniques are likely to succeed in each category.

Journal

Psychological BulletinAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Nov 1, 1991

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