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Depression and Causal Attributions: What is Their Relation?

Depression and Causal Attributions: What is Their Relation? The reformulated learned helplessness theory of depression includes two primary models of the relation between attributions and depression, the onset model and the vulnerability model. Other models that can be identified include the recovery and coping models (consistent with learned helplessness theory) and the symptom model (inconsistent with the theory). It is concluded from a review of the evidence that there is support for the symptom, recovery, and coping models, but that tests of the onset and vulnerability hypotheses do not offer any confirmation of their validity. The implications of these findings and the research strategies needed to test the reformulated learned helplessness model are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychological Bulletin American Psychological Association

Depression and Causal Attributions: What is Their Relation?

Psychological Bulletin , Volume 98 (2): 13 – Sep 1, 1985

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1985 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0033-2909
eISSN
1939-1455
DOI
10.1037/0033-2909.98.2.297
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The reformulated learned helplessness theory of depression includes two primary models of the relation between attributions and depression, the onset model and the vulnerability model. Other models that can be identified include the recovery and coping models (consistent with learned helplessness theory) and the symptom model (inconsistent with the theory). It is concluded from a review of the evidence that there is support for the symptom, recovery, and coping models, but that tests of the onset and vulnerability hypotheses do not offer any confirmation of their validity. The implications of these findings and the research strategies needed to test the reformulated learned helplessness model are discussed.

Journal

Psychological BulletinAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Sep 1, 1985

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