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Memory and the Hippocampuss: A Synthesis From Findings With Rats, Monkeys, and Humans

Memory and the Hippocampuss: A Synthesis From Findings With Rats, Monkeys, and Humans This article considers the role of the hippocampus in memory function. A central thesis is that work with rats, monkeys, and humans—which has sometimes seemed to proceed independently in 3 separate literatures—is now largely in agreement about the function of the hippocampus and related structures. A biological perspective is presented, which proposes multiple memory systems with different functions and distinct anatomical organizations. The hippocampus (together with anatomically related structures) is essential for a specific kind of memory, here termed declarative memory (similar terms include explicit and relational). Declarative memory is contrasted with a heterogeneous collection of nondeclarative (implicit) memory abilities that do not require the hippocampus (skills and habits, simple conditioning, and the phenomenon of priming). The hippocampus is needed temporarily to bind together distributed sites in neocortex that together represent a whole memory. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychological Review American Psychological Association

Memory and the Hippocampuss: A Synthesis From Findings With Rats, Monkeys, and Humans

Psychological Review , Volume 99 (2): 37 – Apr 1, 1992

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright ©
ISSN
0033-295x
eISSN
1939-1471
DOI
10.1037/0033-295X.99.2.195
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This article considers the role of the hippocampus in memory function. A central thesis is that work with rats, monkeys, and humans—which has sometimes seemed to proceed independently in 3 separate literatures—is now largely in agreement about the function of the hippocampus and related structures. A biological perspective is presented, which proposes multiple memory systems with different functions and distinct anatomical organizations. The hippocampus (together with anatomically related structures) is essential for a specific kind of memory, here termed declarative memory (similar terms include explicit and relational). Declarative memory is contrasted with a heterogeneous collection of nondeclarative (implicit) memory abilities that do not require the hippocampus (skills and habits, simple conditioning, and the phenomenon of priming). The hippocampus is needed temporarily to bind together distributed sites in neocortex that together represent a whole memory.

Journal

Psychological ReviewAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Apr 1, 1992

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