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On the Nature and Direction of Relationships Between Constructs and Measures

On the Nature and Direction of Relationships Between Constructs and Measures Theory developmenttypically focuses on relationships among theoretical constructs, placing little emphasison relationships between constructs and measures. In most cases, constructs are treated ascauses of their measures. However, this causal flow is sometimes reversed, such thatmeasures are viewed as causes of constructs. Procedures have been developed to identifyand estimate models that specify constructs as causes or effects of measures. However,these procedures provide little guidance for determining a priori whether constructsshould be specified as causes or effects of their measures. Moreover, these proceduresaddress few of the possible causal structures by which constructs and measures may berelated. This article develops principles for specifying the direction and structure ofrelationships between constructs and measures. These principles are illustrated usingexamples from psychological, sociological, and organizational research. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychological Methods American Psychological Association

On the Nature and Direction of Relationships Between Constructs and Measures

Psychological Methods , Volume 5 (2): 20 – Jun 1, 2000

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 American Psychological Association
ISSN
1082-989x
eISSN
1939-1463
DOI
10.1037/1082-989X.5.2.155
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Theory developmenttypically focuses on relationships among theoretical constructs, placing little emphasison relationships between constructs and measures. In most cases, constructs are treated ascauses of their measures. However, this causal flow is sometimes reversed, such thatmeasures are viewed as causes of constructs. Procedures have been developed to identifyand estimate models that specify constructs as causes or effects of measures. However,these procedures provide little guidance for determining a priori whether constructsshould be specified as causes or effects of their measures. Moreover, these proceduresaddress few of the possible causal structures by which constructs and measures may berelated. This article develops principles for specifying the direction and structure ofrelationships between constructs and measures. These principles are illustrated usingexamples from psychological, sociological, and organizational research.

Journal

Psychological MethodsAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Jun 1, 2000

There are no references for this article.