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Stigma Consciousness: The Psychological Legacy of Social Stereotypes

Stigma Consciousness: The Psychological Legacy of Social Stereotypes Whereas past researchers have treated targets of stereotypes as thoughthey have uniform reactions to their stereotyped status (e.g.,J. Crocker & B. Major,1989; C. M.Steele & J. Aronson, 1995), it is proposedhere that targets differ in the extent to which they expect to bestereotyped by others (i.e., stigma consciousness). Sixstudies, 5 of which validate the stigma-consciousness questionnaire (SCQ),are presented. The results suggest that the SCQ is a reliable and validinstrument for detecting differences in stigma consciousness. In addition,scores on the SCQ predict perceptions of discrimination and the ability togenerate convincing examples of such discrimination. The final studyhighlights a behavioral consequence of stigma consciousness: the tendencyfor people high in stigma consciousness to forgo opportunities toinvalidate stereotypes about their group. The relation of stigmaconsciousness to past research on targets of stereotypes is considered asis the issue of how stigma consciousness may encourage continuedstereotyping. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Personality and Social Psychology American Psychological Association

Stigma Consciousness: The Psychological Legacy of Social Stereotypes

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0022-3514
eISSN
1939-1315
DOI
10.1037/0022-3514.76.1.114
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Whereas past researchers have treated targets of stereotypes as thoughthey have uniform reactions to their stereotyped status (e.g.,J. Crocker & B. Major,1989; C. M.Steele & J. Aronson, 1995), it is proposedhere that targets differ in the extent to which they expect to bestereotyped by others (i.e., stigma consciousness). Sixstudies, 5 of which validate the stigma-consciousness questionnaire (SCQ),are presented. The results suggest that the SCQ is a reliable and validinstrument for detecting differences in stigma consciousness. In addition,scores on the SCQ predict perceptions of discrimination and the ability togenerate convincing examples of such discrimination. The final studyhighlights a behavioral consequence of stigma consciousness: the tendencyfor people high in stigma consciousness to forgo opportunities toinvalidate stereotypes about their group. The relation of stigmaconsciousness to past research on targets of stereotypes is considered asis the issue of how stigma consciousness may encourage continuedstereotyping.

Journal

Journal of Personality and Social PsychologyAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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