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What Makes You Think You're so Smart? Measured Abilities, Personality, and Sex Differences in Relation toSelf-Estimates of Multiple Intelligences

What Makes You Think You're so Smart? Measured Abilities, Personality, and Sex Differences in... This study examined the correlates of self-estimated levels of the eightabilities of Gardner's(1983) “multiple intelligences”framework. Participants (N = 200) estimated their own levels ofthe eight abilities, completed two maximum performance tests of each ability,and provided self-ratings of their personality characteristics. As observed inprevious research, most participants tended to overestimate their levels ofability in most of the intelligence domains. Self-estimated ability levels weregenerally only modestly correlated with measured levels of the same ability, andtended to show equally strong correlations with personality variables. Sexdifferences were observed for self-estimates of some abilities, and these sexdifferences were largely independent of measured ability and personality. It wasconcluded that high levels of self-estimated ability were related to being male,having high measured ability, and being high in Conscientiousness, Extraversion,and Openness to Experience, and low in Emotionality. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Individual Differences American Psychological Association

What Makes You Think You're so Smart? Measured Abilities, Personality, and Sex Differences in Relation toSelf-Estimates of Multiple Intelligences

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References (29)

Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 Hogrefe & Huber Publishers
ISSN
1614-0001
eISSN
2151-2299
DOI
10.1027/1614-0001.29.1.35
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study examined the correlates of self-estimated levels of the eightabilities of Gardner's(1983) “multiple intelligences”framework. Participants (N = 200) estimated their own levels ofthe eight abilities, completed two maximum performance tests of each ability,and provided self-ratings of their personality characteristics. As observed inprevious research, most participants tended to overestimate their levels ofability in most of the intelligence domains. Self-estimated ability levels weregenerally only modestly correlated with measured levels of the same ability, andtended to show equally strong correlations with personality variables. Sexdifferences were observed for self-estimates of some abilities, and these sexdifferences were largely independent of measured ability and personality. It wasconcluded that high levels of self-estimated ability were related to being male,having high measured ability, and being high in Conscientiousness, Extraversion,and Openness to Experience, and low in Emotionality.

Journal

Journal of Individual DifferencesAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Jan 1, 2008

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