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The demographic distribution of US drinking patterns in 1990: description and trends from 1984.

The demographic distribution of US drinking patterns in 1990: description and trends from 1984. The demographic distribution of US drinking patterns in 1990: description and trends from 1984. L T Midanik and W B Clark Alcohol Research Group, California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute of San Francisco, Berkeley 94709. OBJECTIVES. Since 1981, per capita consumption of alcohol (based on sales figures) has decreased in the United States. This study describes drinking patterns in the 1990 national alcohol survey by demographic correlates and assesses changes in drinking patterns from the 1984 survey. METHODS. Data were obtained from a national household probability sample within the 48 contiguous states; face-to-face interviews were conducted with 2058 adults. The instrument contained questions pertaining to the respondent's background, attitudes toward alcohol, and use of alcohol. RESULTS. The proportions of current drinkers; current drinkers of wine, beer, and liquor; weekly drinkers; and drinkers who reported having five or more drinks per occasion at least once a week were significantly lower in 1990 than in 1984. These changes remained significant when demographic characteristics were controlled by logistic regression. The findings held for Whites only; there were no significant trends for Blacks or Hispanics. CONCLUSIONS. While there has been a downward turn in alcohol use in the United States, the correlates of alcohol use have not changed. How these shifts affect alcohol-related problems is an important area for future research. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Public Health American Public Health Association

The demographic distribution of US drinking patterns in 1990: description and trends from 1984.

American Journal of Public Health , Volume 84 (8): 1218 – Aug 1, 1994

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References (1)

Publisher
American Public Health Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1994 by the American Public Health Association
ISSN
0090-0036
eISSN
1541-0048
DOI
10.2105/AJPH.84.8.1218
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The demographic distribution of US drinking patterns in 1990: description and trends from 1984. L T Midanik and W B Clark Alcohol Research Group, California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute of San Francisco, Berkeley 94709. OBJECTIVES. Since 1981, per capita consumption of alcohol (based on sales figures) has decreased in the United States. This study describes drinking patterns in the 1990 national alcohol survey by demographic correlates and assesses changes in drinking patterns from the 1984 survey. METHODS. Data were obtained from a national household probability sample within the 48 contiguous states; face-to-face interviews were conducted with 2058 adults. The instrument contained questions pertaining to the respondent's background, attitudes toward alcohol, and use of alcohol. RESULTS. The proportions of current drinkers; current drinkers of wine, beer, and liquor; weekly drinkers; and drinkers who reported having five or more drinks per occasion at least once a week were significantly lower in 1990 than in 1984. These changes remained significant when demographic characteristics were controlled by logistic regression. The findings held for Whites only; there were no significant trends for Blacks or Hispanics. CONCLUSIONS. While there has been a downward turn in alcohol use in the United States, the correlates of alcohol use have not changed. How these shifts affect alcohol-related problems is an important area for future research.

Journal

American Journal of Public HealthAmerican Public Health Association

Published: Aug 1, 1994

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