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The Genetics and Cell Biology of Wolbachia -Host Interactions

The Genetics and Cell Biology of Wolbachia -Host Interactions Wolbachia are gram-negative bacteria that are widespread in nature, carried by the majority of insect species as well as some mites, crustaceans, and filarial nematodes. Wolbachia can range from parasitic to symbiotic, depending upon the interaction with the host species. The success of Wolbachia is attributed to efficient maternal transmission and manipulations of host reproduction that favor infected females, such as sperm-egg cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). Much remains unknown about the mechanistic basis for Wolbachia -host interactions. Here we summarize the current understanding of Wolbachia interaction with insect hosts, with a focus on Drosophila . The areas of discussion include Wolbachia transmission in oogenesis, Wolbachia distribution in spermatogenesis, induction and rescue of the CI phenotype, Wolbachia genomics, and Wolbachia -membrane interactions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Genetics Annual Reviews

The Genetics and Cell Biology of Wolbachia -Host Interactions

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
ISSN
0066-4197
eISSN
1545-2948
DOI
10.1146/annurev.genet.41.110306.130354
pmid
18713031
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Wolbachia are gram-negative bacteria that are widespread in nature, carried by the majority of insect species as well as some mites, crustaceans, and filarial nematodes. Wolbachia can range from parasitic to symbiotic, depending upon the interaction with the host species. The success of Wolbachia is attributed to efficient maternal transmission and manipulations of host reproduction that favor infected females, such as sperm-egg cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). Much remains unknown about the mechanistic basis for Wolbachia -host interactions. Here we summarize the current understanding of Wolbachia interaction with insect hosts, with a focus on Drosophila . The areas of discussion include Wolbachia transmission in oogenesis, Wolbachia distribution in spermatogenesis, induction and rescue of the CI phenotype, Wolbachia genomics, and Wolbachia -membrane interactions.

Journal

Annual Review of GeneticsAnnual Reviews

Published: Dec 1, 2008

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