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A nuclear DNA-binding protein expressed during early stages of B cell differentiation interacts with diverse segments within and 3' of the Ig H chain gene cluster.

A nuclear DNA-binding protein expressed during early stages of B cell differentiation interacts... <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>We have used electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) to detect B cell lineage-specific nuclear proteins that bind to diverse segments within and 3' of the Ig H chain gene cluster. DNA binding sites include sequences 5' of each of the following C region genes: mu, gamma 1, gamma 2a, epsilon, and alpha. For the most part, these binding sites lie 5' of CH-associated tandem repeats. Binding sites for the same B cell lineage-specific proteins have also been defined in the region 3' of C alpha, close to a recently described B cell-specific enhancer element. Cross-competition of EMSA indicates that the B cell lineage-specific nucleoprotein is indistinguishable from those described previously by others: S alpha-BP and BSAP. Because of the diverse sequences recognized by this protein, we term it NF-HB, B-lineage-specific nuclear factor that binds to Ig H gene segments. EMSA using segments 5' of S gamma 2a (5'S gamma 2a-176) and 3' of C alpha (3' alpha-88) shows multiple binding complexes, two of which are B cell lineage specific. The B cell-specific complex with fastest mobility contains only NF-HB, and the one with slowest mobility contains NF-HB together with a ubiquitous DNA-binding protein(s). The ubiquitous binding protein is different for 5' S gamma 2a-176 and for 3' alpha-88, representing the formation of protein-NF-HB complexes specific for these particular Ig DNA regions. Spleen cells show a single band upon EMSA with either 5'S gamma 2a-176 or 3' alpha-88. Upon LPS stimulation, additional binding complexes of slower mobility were formed resulting in a pattern comparable to those detected in pro-B, pre-B, and B cell lines. We hypothesize that NF-HB may promote physical interactions between the 3' alpha-enhancer and segments of the Ig H gene cluster.</jats:p> http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Immunology CrossRef

A nuclear DNA-binding protein expressed during early stages of B cell differentiation interacts with diverse segments within and 3' of the Ig H chain gene cluster.

The Journal of Immunology , Volume 148 (9): 2909-2917 – May 1, 1992

A nuclear DNA-binding protein expressed during early stages of B cell differentiation interacts with diverse segments within and 3' of the Ig H chain gene cluster.


Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title>
<jats:p>We have used electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) to detect B cell lineage-specific nuclear proteins that bind to diverse segments within and 3' of the Ig H chain gene cluster. DNA binding sites include sequences 5' of each of the following C region genes: mu, gamma 1, gamma 2a, epsilon, and alpha. For the most part, these binding sites lie 5' of CH-associated tandem repeats. Binding sites for the same B cell lineage-specific proteins have also been defined in the region 3' of C alpha, close to a recently described B cell-specific enhancer element. Cross-competition of EMSA indicates that the B cell lineage-specific nucleoprotein is indistinguishable from those described previously by others: S alpha-BP and BSAP. Because of the diverse sequences recognized by this protein, we term it NF-HB, B-lineage-specific nuclear factor that binds to Ig H gene segments. EMSA using segments 5' of S gamma 2a (5'S gamma 2a-176) and 3' of C alpha (3' alpha-88) shows multiple binding complexes, two of which are B cell lineage specific. The B cell-specific complex with fastest mobility contains only NF-HB, and the one with slowest mobility contains NF-HB together with a ubiquitous DNA-binding protein(s). The ubiquitous binding protein is different for 5' S gamma 2a-176 and for 3' alpha-88, representing the formation of protein-NF-HB complexes specific for these particular Ig DNA regions. Spleen cells show a single band upon EMSA with either 5'S gamma 2a-176 or 3' alpha-88. Upon LPS stimulation, additional binding complexes of slower mobility were formed resulting in a pattern comparable to those detected in pro-B, pre-B, and B cell lines. We hypothesize that NF-HB may promote physical interactions between the 3' alpha-enhancer and segments of the Ig H gene cluster.</jats:p>

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Publisher
CrossRef
ISSN
0022-1767
DOI
10.4049/jimmunol.148.9.2909
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>We have used electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) to detect B cell lineage-specific nuclear proteins that bind to diverse segments within and 3' of the Ig H chain gene cluster. DNA binding sites include sequences 5' of each of the following C region genes: mu, gamma 1, gamma 2a, epsilon, and alpha. For the most part, these binding sites lie 5' of CH-associated tandem repeats. Binding sites for the same B cell lineage-specific proteins have also been defined in the region 3' of C alpha, close to a recently described B cell-specific enhancer element. Cross-competition of EMSA indicates that the B cell lineage-specific nucleoprotein is indistinguishable from those described previously by others: S alpha-BP and BSAP. Because of the diverse sequences recognized by this protein, we term it NF-HB, B-lineage-specific nuclear factor that binds to Ig H gene segments. EMSA using segments 5' of S gamma 2a (5'S gamma 2a-176) and 3' of C alpha (3' alpha-88) shows multiple binding complexes, two of which are B cell lineage specific. The B cell-specific complex with fastest mobility contains only NF-HB, and the one with slowest mobility contains NF-HB together with a ubiquitous DNA-binding protein(s). The ubiquitous binding protein is different for 5' S gamma 2a-176 and for 3' alpha-88, representing the formation of protein-NF-HB complexes specific for these particular Ig DNA regions. Spleen cells show a single band upon EMSA with either 5'S gamma 2a-176 or 3' alpha-88. Upon LPS stimulation, additional binding complexes of slower mobility were formed resulting in a pattern comparable to those detected in pro-B, pre-B, and B cell lines. We hypothesize that NF-HB may promote physical interactions between the 3' alpha-enhancer and segments of the Ig H gene cluster.</jats:p>

Journal

The Journal of ImmunologyCrossRef

Published: May 1, 1992

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