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Does Crop Diversification Involve a Trade-Off Between Technical Efficiency and Income Stability for Rural Farmers? Evidence from Zambia

Does Crop Diversification Involve a Trade-Off Between Technical Efficiency and Income Stability... <jats:p>Crop diversification is a climate-smart agricultural technique which helps to improve resilience for farmers in the face of volatile weather due to climate change. Previous research on its effects on technical efficiency has shown mixed results. Despite burgeoning literature on the subject, an important research question that remains uninvestigated is: does crop diversification involve a compromise between technical efficiency and resilience (income stability) for rural farmers? Using nationally representative rural household survey data from Zambia, this study empirically answers this research question. We employ the Data Envelopment Approach (DEA) for efficiency and a two- step least-squares approach for income variability. Our results show evidence that crop diversification significantly improves income stability but significantly reduces technical efficiency. The paper provides useful implications for policies that promote crop diversification in Zambia and other countries.</jats:p> http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Agronomy CrossRef

Does Crop Diversification Involve a Trade-Off Between Technical Efficiency and Income Stability for Rural Farmers? Evidence from Zambia

Agronomy , Volume 10 (12): 1875 – Nov 27, 2020

Does Crop Diversification Involve a Trade-Off Between Technical Efficiency and Income Stability for Rural Farmers? Evidence from Zambia


Abstract

<jats:p>Crop diversification is a climate-smart agricultural technique which helps to improve resilience for farmers in the face of volatile weather due to climate change. Previous research on its effects on technical efficiency has shown mixed results. Despite burgeoning literature on the subject, an important research question that remains uninvestigated is: does crop diversification involve a compromise between technical efficiency and resilience (income stability) for rural farmers? Using nationally representative rural household survey data from Zambia, this study empirically answers this research question. We employ the Data Envelopment Approach (DEA) for efficiency and a two- step least-squares approach for income variability. Our results show evidence that crop diversification significantly improves income stability but significantly reduces technical efficiency. The paper provides useful implications for policies that promote crop diversification in Zambia and other countries.</jats:p>

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Publisher
CrossRef
ISSN
2073-4395
DOI
10.3390/agronomy10121875
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

<jats:p>Crop diversification is a climate-smart agricultural technique which helps to improve resilience for farmers in the face of volatile weather due to climate change. Previous research on its effects on technical efficiency has shown mixed results. Despite burgeoning literature on the subject, an important research question that remains uninvestigated is: does crop diversification involve a compromise between technical efficiency and resilience (income stability) for rural farmers? Using nationally representative rural household survey data from Zambia, this study empirically answers this research question. We employ the Data Envelopment Approach (DEA) for efficiency and a two- step least-squares approach for income variability. Our results show evidence that crop diversification significantly improves income stability but significantly reduces technical efficiency. The paper provides useful implications for policies that promote crop diversification in Zambia and other countries.</jats:p>

Journal

AgronomyCrossRef

Published: Nov 27, 2020

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