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Towards Mutual Trust, Transparency and Equity in Virus Sharing Mechanism: The Avian Influenza Case of Indonesia

Towards Mutual Trust, Transparency and Equity in Virus Sharing Mechanism: The Avian Influenza... <jats:p>Introduction: As the country hardest hit by avian influenza, both in poultry and in human, Indonesia’s decision to withhold samples of avian influenza virus A (H5N1) has fired up a global controversy. The objective of this paper is to describe the position taken by Indonesia in the events leading to the decision and in those conducted to resolve the situation. Methods: The sources for this paper are the Indonesian human influenza A(H5N1) case reports and study results, summaries, minutes and reports of national and international meetings of virus sharing, and other related Indonesian and WHO documents. Results: The International Health Regulations 2005 have been applied in different ways based on different interpretations. While one party insists on the importance of free, non-conditional, virus sharing for risk assessment and risk response, Indonesia – as supported by most of the developing countries – stresses on the more basic principles such as sovereignty of a country over its biological materials, transparency of the global system, and equity between developed and developing nations. Conclusions: This event demonstrates the unresolved imbalance between the affluent high-tech countries and the poor agriculture-based countries. Regional, global and in-country meetings must continue to be conducted to find solutions acceptable to all. Key words: H5N1, IHR 2005, MTA, Sovereignty</jats:p> http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore CrossRef

Towards Mutual Trust, Transparency and Equity in Virus Sharing Mechanism: The Avian Influenza Case of Indonesia

Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore , Volume 37 (6): 482-488 – Jun 15, 2008

Towards Mutual Trust, Transparency and Equity in Virus Sharing Mechanism: The Avian Influenza Case of Indonesia


Abstract

<jats:p>Introduction: As the country hardest hit by avian influenza, both in poultry and in human, Indonesia’s decision to withhold samples of avian influenza virus A (H5N1) has fired up a global controversy. The objective of this paper is to describe the position taken by Indonesia in the events leading to the decision and in those conducted to resolve the situation.

Methods: The sources for this paper are the Indonesian human influenza A(H5N1) case reports and study results, summaries, minutes and reports of national and international meetings of virus sharing, and other related Indonesian and WHO documents.
Results: The International Health Regulations 2005 have been applied in different ways based on different interpretations. While one party insists on the importance of free, non-conditional, virus sharing for risk assessment and risk response, Indonesia – as supported by most of the developing countries – stresses on the more basic principles such as sovereignty of a country over its biological materials, transparency of the global system, and equity between developed and developing nations.
Conclusions: This event demonstrates the unresolved imbalance between the affluent high-tech countries and the poor agriculture-based countries. Regional, global and in-country meetings must continue to be conducted to find solutions acceptable to all.

Key words: H5N1, IHR 2005, MTA, Sovereignty</jats:p>

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Publisher
CrossRef
ISSN
0304-4602
DOI
10.47102/annals-acadmedsg.v37n6p482
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

<jats:p>Introduction: As the country hardest hit by avian influenza, both in poultry and in human, Indonesia’s decision to withhold samples of avian influenza virus A (H5N1) has fired up a global controversy. The objective of this paper is to describe the position taken by Indonesia in the events leading to the decision and in those conducted to resolve the situation. Methods: The sources for this paper are the Indonesian human influenza A(H5N1) case reports and study results, summaries, minutes and reports of national and international meetings of virus sharing, and other related Indonesian and WHO documents. Results: The International Health Regulations 2005 have been applied in different ways based on different interpretations. While one party insists on the importance of free, non-conditional, virus sharing for risk assessment and risk response, Indonesia – as supported by most of the developing countries – stresses on the more basic principles such as sovereignty of a country over its biological materials, transparency of the global system, and equity between developed and developing nations. Conclusions: This event demonstrates the unresolved imbalance between the affluent high-tech countries and the poor agriculture-based countries. Regional, global and in-country meetings must continue to be conducted to find solutions acceptable to all. Key words: H5N1, IHR 2005, MTA, Sovereignty</jats:p>

Journal

Annals of the Academy of Medicine SingaporeCrossRef

Published: Jun 15, 2008

References