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TURNER REVIEW No. 15. ‘Breathing’ of the terrestrial biosphere: lessons learned from a global network of carbon dioxide flux measurement systems

TURNER REVIEW No. 15. ‘Breathing’ of the terrestrial biosphere: lessons learned from a global... Published eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) exchange between vegetation and the atmosphere from a global network are distilled, synthesised and reviewed according to time scale, climate and plant functional types, disturbance and land use. Other topics discussed include history of the network, errors and issues associated with the eddy covariance method, and a synopsis of how these data are being used by ecosystem and climate modellers and the remote-sensing community. Spatial and temporal differences in net annual exchange, F N , result from imbalances in canopy photosynthesis ( F A ) and ecosystem respiration ( F R ), which scale closely with one another on annual time scales. Key findings reported include the following: (1) ecosystems with the greatest net carbon uptake have the longest growing season, not the greatest F A ; (2) ecosystems losing carbon were recently disturbed; (3) many old-growth forests act as carbon sinks; and (4) year-to-year decreases in F N are attributed to a suite of stresses that decrease F A and F R in tandem. Short-term flux measurements revealed emergent-scale processes including (1) the enhancement of light use efficiency by diffuse light, (2) dynamic pulses in F R following rain and (3) the acclimation F A and F R to temperature. They also quantify how F A and F R respond to droughts and heat spells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Australian Journal of Botany CSIRO Publishing

TURNER REVIEW No. 15. ‘Breathing’ of the terrestrial biosphere: lessons learned from a global network of carbon dioxide flux measurement systems

Australian Journal of Botany , Volume 56 (1) – Feb 7, 2008

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References (331)

Publisher
CSIRO Publishing
Copyright
CSIRO
ISSN
0067-1924
eISSN
1444-9862
DOI
10.1071/BT07151
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Published eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) exchange between vegetation and the atmosphere from a global network are distilled, synthesised and reviewed according to time scale, climate and plant functional types, disturbance and land use. Other topics discussed include history of the network, errors and issues associated with the eddy covariance method, and a synopsis of how these data are being used by ecosystem and climate modellers and the remote-sensing community. Spatial and temporal differences in net annual exchange, F N , result from imbalances in canopy photosynthesis ( F A ) and ecosystem respiration ( F R ), which scale closely with one another on annual time scales. Key findings reported include the following: (1) ecosystems with the greatest net carbon uptake have the longest growing season, not the greatest F A ; (2) ecosystems losing carbon were recently disturbed; (3) many old-growth forests act as carbon sinks; and (4) year-to-year decreases in F N are attributed to a suite of stresses that decrease F A and F R in tandem. Short-term flux measurements revealed emergent-scale processes including (1) the enhancement of light use efficiency by diffuse light, (2) dynamic pulses in F R following rain and (3) the acclimation F A and F R to temperature. They also quantify how F A and F R respond to droughts and heat spells.

Journal

Australian Journal of BotanyCSIRO Publishing

Published: Feb 7, 2008

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