Tablet characteristics and pharmacokinetics of orally disintegrating tablets containing coenzyme Q10 granules prepared by different methods
AbstractThis study aimed to elucidate the characteristics and pharmacokinetics of orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) containing coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) granules prepared by spray drying, hot-melting, and wet granulation. The hardness and disintegration times of CoQ10-ODTs containing 5 % crospovidone were 61.6–81.8 N and < 30 s, respectively; these values indicate that the as-prepared ODTs were adequate for clinical use. The hardness and disintegration times of all ODTs did not change significantly after a 28-day storage period at 30 °C/10 % relative humidity (RH), but storage under high temperature and humidity affected their characteristics. The dissolution and pharmacokinetics of CoQ10-ODTs showed that ODTs prepared using the spray-drying method had the highest dissolution and absorbability among the CoQ10-ODTs tested. These results provide useful information for the preparation of ODTs using CoQ10.