Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

A phenomenological approach to diagnosing psychosis in autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability: a case series

A phenomenological approach to diagnosing psychosis in autism spectrum disorder and intellectual... PurposeThe diagnosis of psychosis in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) poses a unique clinical challenge. The presence of intellectual disability (ID) further complicates the diagnostic picture. Reliable and timely diagnosis of psychosis in such individuals minimises the duration of untreated psychotic symptoms and the subsequent impact on the quality of life of the patients concerned. The paper aims to discuss this issue.Design/methodology/approachThe authors present four patients with psychosis, ASD and ID, who have received care within forensic mental health and ID settings. These examples demonstrate the interaction between these conditions, as well as issues pertaining to diagnosis and management.FindingsIn all four patients, sustained use of antipsychotic medication was objectively associated with an improvement in psychotic symptoms and quality of life. In instances where autistic phenomena were accentuated upon development of psychosis, such features returned to the baseline levels evident prior to the onset of psychosis.Practical implicationsThe discussion and related case examples could improve the understanding of the possibility of psychosis in individuals with ASD and ID, and increase awareness of this diagnostic possibility among healthcare professionals.Originality/valueThis is the first published case series illustrating the challenges of diagnosing psychosis in individuals with ASD and ID. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Autism Emerald Publishing

A phenomenological approach to diagnosing psychosis in autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability: a case series

Loading next page...
 
/lp/emerald-publishing/a-phenomenological-approach-to-diagnosing-psychosis-in-autism-spectrum-DkT3gAoHUB
Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
2056-3868
DOI
10.1108/AIA-01-2018-0004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeThe diagnosis of psychosis in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) poses a unique clinical challenge. The presence of intellectual disability (ID) further complicates the diagnostic picture. Reliable and timely diagnosis of psychosis in such individuals minimises the duration of untreated psychotic symptoms and the subsequent impact on the quality of life of the patients concerned. The paper aims to discuss this issue.Design/methodology/approachThe authors present four patients with psychosis, ASD and ID, who have received care within forensic mental health and ID settings. These examples demonstrate the interaction between these conditions, as well as issues pertaining to diagnosis and management.FindingsIn all four patients, sustained use of antipsychotic medication was objectively associated with an improvement in psychotic symptoms and quality of life. In instances where autistic phenomena were accentuated upon development of psychosis, such features returned to the baseline levels evident prior to the onset of psychosis.Practical implicationsThe discussion and related case examples could improve the understanding of the possibility of psychosis in individuals with ASD and ID, and increase awareness of this diagnostic possibility among healthcare professionals.Originality/valueThis is the first published case series illustrating the challenges of diagnosing psychosis in individuals with ASD and ID.

Journal

Advances in AutismEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 3, 2018

References