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Sharia governance in Islamic banks: effectiveness and supervision model

Sharia governance in Islamic banks: effectiveness and supervision model Purpose – The Sharia governance is topic that has generated much interest in the literature of Islamic banking industry. The Sharia supervision plays an essential role in the governance of Islamic banks. The Sharia Board (SB) which is peculiar to Islamic banks is considered as the principal component of the Sharia governance framework. The purpose of this paper is to examines the link between Sharia compliance, the form of Sharia supervision and the effectiveness of Sharia governance. Design/methodology/approach – This paper compares two model of Sharia governance framework, the first is the decentralized model in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the second is the centralized model in Malaysia. Findings – The independence of the SB in their mission of supervision and the consistency of Sharia ruling are the principal components of an efficient Sharia governance structure. Centralized Sharia governance system, basically in Malaysia, seems to be beneficial to the industry in term of effectiveness and credibility of the Islamic banks. Research limitations/implications – The research focuses exclusively on the qualitative analysis about the SB and Sharia governance in Islamic countries. Practical implications – The model of centralization is able to strengthen the position and the independence of SB and can better examine the subjects of divergences between the whole of the SB in order to promote, in the long term, the consistency of Fatwas and interpretations between banks and regions. Originality/value – To the best of our knowledge few studies have examined this subject in a comparative discussion between MENA and Southeast Asia region. This paper contributes to the literature on Sharia governance by considering the difference between these two regions in term of supervision model of Sharia rules and principles and its application in Islamic banking. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management Emerald Publishing

Sharia governance in Islamic banks: effectiveness and supervision model

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References (20)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1753-8394
DOI
10.1108/IMEFM-02-2013-0021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The Sharia governance is topic that has generated much interest in the literature of Islamic banking industry. The Sharia supervision plays an essential role in the governance of Islamic banks. The Sharia Board (SB) which is peculiar to Islamic banks is considered as the principal component of the Sharia governance framework. The purpose of this paper is to examines the link between Sharia compliance, the form of Sharia supervision and the effectiveness of Sharia governance. Design/methodology/approach – This paper compares two model of Sharia governance framework, the first is the decentralized model in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the second is the centralized model in Malaysia. Findings – The independence of the SB in their mission of supervision and the consistency of Sharia ruling are the principal components of an efficient Sharia governance structure. Centralized Sharia governance system, basically in Malaysia, seems to be beneficial to the industry in term of effectiveness and credibility of the Islamic banks. Research limitations/implications – The research focuses exclusively on the qualitative analysis about the SB and Sharia governance in Islamic countries. Practical implications – The model of centralization is able to strengthen the position and the independence of SB and can better examine the subjects of divergences between the whole of the SB in order to promote, in the long term, the consistency of Fatwas and interpretations between banks and regions. Originality/value – To the best of our knowledge few studies have examined this subject in a comparative discussion between MENA and Southeast Asia region. This paper contributes to the literature on Sharia governance by considering the difference between these two regions in term of supervision model of Sharia rules and principles and its application in Islamic banking.

Journal

International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 23, 2013

Keywords: Sharia Board; Sharia governance; Sharia supervision; Islamic banking regulation; Islam; Banking

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