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Increased Prostate-Specific Antigen in Subclinical Prostatitis: The Role of Aggressiveness and Extension of Inflammation

Increased Prostate-Specific Antigen in Subclinical Prostatitis: The Role of Aggressiveness and... Objectives: Subclinical prostatitis is a very frequent histologic finding in pathological examinations of prostate biopsy and prostate surgery material. In this study, we tried to investigate the correlation between the morphological parameters of histological prostatitis and total serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-PSA density (PSAD) to determine if either the extent or aggressiveness of inflammation might affect serum PSA. Methods: 269 patients who had undergone TURP or transvesical prostatectomy with pathological diagnosis of BPH and prostatitis were included in the study. We retrospectively reviewed and scored the extent and aggressiveness of inflammation in prostate specimens of BPH, according to the scale that has been reported by Irani et al. and then correlated those scores with PSA and PSAD. Results: When the inflammation grades correlated with PSA and PSAD, the extent of the inflammation did not show a significant correlation with total PSA and PSAD (p > 0.05). However, there was a statistically significant correlation between aggressiveness grades and total PSA and PSAD (p < 0.001). Median PSA levels in grades 0, 1 and 2 of aggressiveness of inflammation were 3.2, 4.2 and 5.8 respectively. Conclusion: Aggressiveness grade of the inflammation in subclinical prostatitis is the most important morphological factor that is responsible for PSA elevation. We believe that it should be a more accurate guide for the clinician if pathologists report on the aggressiveness grades of the inflammation, especially on initial prostate biopsies, in order to help for timing of the further biopsy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Urologia Internationalis Karger

Increased Prostate-Specific Antigen in Subclinical Prostatitis: The Role of Aggressiveness and Extension of Inflammation

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References (19)

Publisher
Karger
Copyright
© 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN
0042-1138
eISSN
1423-0399
DOI
10.1159/000071839
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives: Subclinical prostatitis is a very frequent histologic finding in pathological examinations of prostate biopsy and prostate surgery material. In this study, we tried to investigate the correlation between the morphological parameters of histological prostatitis and total serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-PSA density (PSAD) to determine if either the extent or aggressiveness of inflammation might affect serum PSA. Methods: 269 patients who had undergone TURP or transvesical prostatectomy with pathological diagnosis of BPH and prostatitis were included in the study. We retrospectively reviewed and scored the extent and aggressiveness of inflammation in prostate specimens of BPH, according to the scale that has been reported by Irani et al. and then correlated those scores with PSA and PSAD. Results: When the inflammation grades correlated with PSA and PSAD, the extent of the inflammation did not show a significant correlation with total PSA and PSAD (p > 0.05). However, there was a statistically significant correlation between aggressiveness grades and total PSA and PSAD (p < 0.001). Median PSA levels in grades 0, 1 and 2 of aggressiveness of inflammation were 3.2, 4.2 and 5.8 respectively. Conclusion: Aggressiveness grade of the inflammation in subclinical prostatitis is the most important morphological factor that is responsible for PSA elevation. We believe that it should be a more accurate guide for the clinician if pathologists report on the aggressiveness grades of the inflammation, especially on initial prostate biopsies, in order to help for timing of the further biopsy.

Journal

Urologia InternationalisKarger

Published: Aug 1, 2003

Keywords: Subclinical prostatitis; Inflammation; Prostate-specific antigen

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