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A further link between innate and adaptive immunity: C3 deposition on antigen-presenting cells enhances the proliferation of antigen-specific T cells.

A further link between innate and adaptive immunity: C3 deposition on antigen-presenting cells... Abstract Murine cells of the B lymphoblastoid line A20 and concanavalin A-elicited peritoneal macrophages are shown to activate and fix C3 fragments covalently when incubated in fresh, autologous serum under conditions allowing the initiation of the alternative complement pathway. For the detection of cell-bound C3, cytofluorimetry was performed using FITC-labeled F(ab')2 fragments of anti-mouse C3. Cell-bound C3 fragments are not internalized or shed by the cells under culture conditions for at least two hours. When the antigen-presenting capacity of serum-treated cells was tested using various antigens and experimental systems, augmentation of the proliferation of antigen-specific T cells was found. This enhancing effect was particularly pronounced at suboptimal antigen doses. The elevation of T cell proliferation induced by C3-opsonized antigen-presenting cells (APC) could be abrogated by F(ab')2 fragments of goat anti-mouse C3, suggesting the involvement of C3 receptors expressed by T cells in the process. Using the 7G6 mAb recognizing murine CR1/CR2, the presence of these complement receptors on activated T cells is demonstrated by cytofluorimetry and immunoprecipitation, as well. These results point to the role of C3 bound to acceptor sites on APC in the facilitation of antigen presentation, providing a further link between innate and adaptive immunity. This content is only available as a PDF. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Immunology Oxford University Press

A further link between innate and adaptive immunity: C3 deposition on antigen-presenting cells enhances the proliferation of antigen-specific T cells.

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References (37)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
ISSN
0953-8178
eISSN
1460-2377
DOI
10.1093/intimm/10.12.1923
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Murine cells of the B lymphoblastoid line A20 and concanavalin A-elicited peritoneal macrophages are shown to activate and fix C3 fragments covalently when incubated in fresh, autologous serum under conditions allowing the initiation of the alternative complement pathway. For the detection of cell-bound C3, cytofluorimetry was performed using FITC-labeled F(ab')2 fragments of anti-mouse C3. Cell-bound C3 fragments are not internalized or shed by the cells under culture conditions for at least two hours. When the antigen-presenting capacity of serum-treated cells was tested using various antigens and experimental systems, augmentation of the proliferation of antigen-specific T cells was found. This enhancing effect was particularly pronounced at suboptimal antigen doses. The elevation of T cell proliferation induced by C3-opsonized antigen-presenting cells (APC) could be abrogated by F(ab')2 fragments of goat anti-mouse C3, suggesting the involvement of C3 receptors expressed by T cells in the process. Using the 7G6 mAb recognizing murine CR1/CR2, the presence of these complement receptors on activated T cells is demonstrated by cytofluorimetry and immunoprecipitation, as well. These results point to the role of C3 bound to acceptor sites on APC in the facilitation of antigen presentation, providing a further link between innate and adaptive immunity. This content is only available as a PDF.

Journal

International ImmunologyOxford University Press

Published: Dec 1, 1998

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