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Chapter 8: Human Papillomavirus and Skin Cancer

Chapter 8: Human Papillomavirus and Skin Cancer A high prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA, particularly in squamous cell skin carcinoma of immunosuppressed but also of immunocompetent patients, has renewed great interest in a possible etiologic role of HPV in nonmelanoma skin cancer. It is difficult, however, to interpret these findings against a background of low-level infections with multiple HPV types from supergroup B (HPV4-related and epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) HPV), probably acquired by everyone early in and throughout life. Thus far, no high-risk HPV types have been identified. Because of the low copy numbers of HPV DNA in skin cancers, probably not every tumor cell contains a viral genome, which is compatible with cutaneous HPV being possibly important for tumor initiation and progression, but not for maintenance of the malignant phenotype. The question with regard to high-risk types should, therefore, be readdressed in case–control studies on the basis of serology, which can reveal viral activities over years. The viruses lingering in all people are apparently activated by sunlight (UV) exposure, by immunosuppression, and by hyperproliferation of the epithelium (psoriasis) and/or in the specific genetic background of the host (EV). It is intriguing that most of these factors are established risk factors in skin carcinogenesis. The weak transforming activity of cutaneous HPV in vitro compared with the transforming activity of genital HPV may explain the need for activators and synergistic factors. The antiapoptotic activities of E6 proteins of cutaneous HPV could be relevant to oncogenesis in the interplay with UV exposure. Prospective studies should determine the kinetics of HPV activation relative to tumor development. © Oxford University Press « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr (2003) 2003 (31): 52-56. This article appears in: Future Directions in Epidemiologic and Preventive Research on Human Papillomaviruses and Cancer » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Article Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Pfister, H. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Pfister, H. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue May 2015 2015 (51) Alert me to new issues The Journal About this journal Rights & Permissions We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Editor-in-Chief Carmen J. Allegra View the JNCI editorial board For Authors Instructions to authors Author Self Archiving Policy Alerting Services Email table of contents CiteTrack XML RSS feed Corporate Services Advertising sales Reprints var taxonomies = ("MED00300"); Most Most Read Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Use of Integrative Therapies as Supportive Care in Patients Treated for Breast Cancer Descriptive Review of the Literature on Breast Cancer Outcomes: 1990 Through 2000 Prevalence of Depression in Patients With Cancer Biology of Oral Mucosa and Esophagus Chapter 6: Estrogen Metabolism by Conjugation » View all Most Read articles Most Cited Chapter 1: Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer--Burden and Assessment of Causality Chapter 4: Estrogens as Endogenous Genotoxic Agents--DNA Adducts and Mutations Prevalence of Depression in Patients With Cancer Preoperative Chemotherapy in Patients With Operable Breast Cancer: Nine-Year Results From National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project B-18 Overview of the Randomized Trials of Radiotherapy in Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. 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Chapter 8: Human Papillomavirus and Skin Cancer

JNCI Monographs , Volume 2003 (31) – Jun 1, 2003

Chapter 8: Human Papillomavirus and Skin Cancer

JNCI Monographs , Volume 2003 (31) – Jun 1, 2003

Abstract

A high prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA, particularly in squamous cell skin carcinoma of immunosuppressed but also of immunocompetent patients, has renewed great interest in a possible etiologic role of HPV in nonmelanoma skin cancer. It is difficult, however, to interpret these findings against a background of low-level infections with multiple HPV types from supergroup B (HPV4-related and epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) HPV), probably acquired by everyone early in and throughout life. Thus far, no high-risk HPV types have been identified. Because of the low copy numbers of HPV DNA in skin cancers, probably not every tumor cell contains a viral genome, which is compatible with cutaneous HPV being possibly important for tumor initiation and progression, but not for maintenance of the malignant phenotype. The question with regard to high-risk types should, therefore, be readdressed in case–control studies on the basis of serology, which can reveal viral activities over years. The viruses lingering in all people are apparently activated by sunlight (UV) exposure, by immunosuppression, and by hyperproliferation of the epithelium (psoriasis) and/or in the specific genetic background of the host (EV). It is intriguing that most of these factors are established risk factors in skin carcinogenesis. The weak transforming activity of cutaneous HPV in vitro compared with the transforming activity of genital HPV may explain the need for activators and synergistic factors. The antiapoptotic activities of E6 proteins of cutaneous HPV could be relevant to oncogenesis in the interplay with UV exposure. Prospective studies should determine the kinetics of HPV activation relative to tumor development. © Oxford University Press « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr (2003) 2003 (31): 52-56. This article appears in: Future Directions in Epidemiologic and Preventive Research on Human Papillomaviruses and Cancer » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Article Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Pfister, H. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Pfister, H. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue May 2015 2015 (51) Alert me to new issues The Journal About this journal Rights & Permissions We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Editor-in-Chief Carmen J. Allegra View the JNCI editorial board For Authors Instructions to authors Author Self Archiving Policy Alerting Services Email table of contents CiteTrack XML RSS feed Corporate Services Advertising sales Reprints var taxonomies = ("MED00300"); Most Most Read Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Use of Integrative Therapies as Supportive Care in Patients Treated for Breast Cancer Descriptive Review of the Literature on Breast Cancer Outcomes: 1990 Through 2000 Prevalence of Depression in Patients With Cancer Biology of Oral Mucosa and Esophagus Chapter 6: Estrogen Metabolism by Conjugation » View all Most Read articles Most Cited Chapter 1: Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer--Burden and Assessment of Causality Chapter 4: Estrogens as Endogenous Genotoxic Agents--DNA Adducts and Mutations Prevalence of Depression in Patients With Cancer Preoperative Chemotherapy in Patients With Operable Breast Cancer: Nine-Year Results From National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project B-18 Overview of the Randomized Trials of Radiotherapy in Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy, but the Publisher will not be held responsible for any remaining inaccuracies. If you require any further clarification, please contact our Customer Services Department. Online ISSN 1745-6614 - Print ISSN 1052-6773 Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press Oxford Journals Oxford University Press Site Map Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Frequently Asked Questions Other Oxford University Press sites: Oxford University Press Oxford Journals China Oxford Journals Japan Academic & Professional books Children's & Schools Books Dictionaries & Reference Dictionary of National Biography Digital Reference English Language Teaching Higher Education Textbooks International Education Unit Law Medicine Music Online Products & Publishing Oxford Bibliographies Online Oxford Dictionaries Online Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Oxford Scholarship Online Reference Rights and Permissions Resources for Retailers & Wholesalers Resources for the Healthcare Industry Very Short Introductions World's Classics function fnc_onDomLoaded() { var query_context = getQueryContext(); PF_initOIUnderbar(query_context,":QS:default","","JRN"); PF_insertOIUnderbar(0); }; if (window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', fnc_onDomLoaded, false); } else if (window.attachEvent) { window.attachEvent('onload', fnc_onDomLoaded); } var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? 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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press
ISSN
1052-6773
eISSN
1745-6614
DOI
jncimono;2003/31/52
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A high prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA, particularly in squamous cell skin carcinoma of immunosuppressed but also of immunocompetent patients, has renewed great interest in a possible etiologic role of HPV in nonmelanoma skin cancer. It is difficult, however, to interpret these findings against a background of low-level infections with multiple HPV types from supergroup B (HPV4-related and epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) HPV), probably acquired by everyone early in and throughout life. Thus far, no high-risk HPV types have been identified. Because of the low copy numbers of HPV DNA in skin cancers, probably not every tumor cell contains a viral genome, which is compatible with cutaneous HPV being possibly important for tumor initiation and progression, but not for maintenance of the malignant phenotype. The question with regard to high-risk types should, therefore, be readdressed in case–control studies on the basis of serology, which can reveal viral activities over years. The viruses lingering in all people are apparently activated by sunlight (UV) exposure, by immunosuppression, and by hyperproliferation of the epithelium (psoriasis) and/or in the specific genetic background of the host (EV). It is intriguing that most of these factors are established risk factors in skin carcinogenesis. The weak transforming activity of cutaneous HPV in vitro compared with the transforming activity of genital HPV may explain the need for activators and synergistic factors. The antiapoptotic activities of E6 proteins of cutaneous HPV could be relevant to oncogenesis in the interplay with UV exposure. Prospective studies should determine the kinetics of HPV activation relative to tumor development. © Oxford University Press « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr (2003) 2003 (31): 52-56. This article appears in: Future Directions in Epidemiologic and Preventive Research on Human Papillomaviruses and Cancer » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Article Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Pfister, H. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Pfister, H. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue May 2015 2015 (51) Alert me to new issues The Journal About this journal Rights & Permissions We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Editor-in-Chief Carmen J. Allegra View the JNCI editorial board For Authors Instructions to authors Author Self Archiving Policy Alerting Services Email table of contents CiteTrack XML RSS feed Corporate Services Advertising sales Reprints var taxonomies = ("MED00300"); Most Most Read Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Use of Integrative Therapies as Supportive Care in Patients Treated for Breast Cancer Descriptive Review of the Literature on Breast Cancer Outcomes: 1990 Through 2000 Prevalence of Depression in Patients With Cancer Biology of Oral Mucosa and Esophagus Chapter 6: Estrogen Metabolism by Conjugation » View all Most Read articles Most Cited Chapter 1: Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer--Burden and Assessment of Causality Chapter 4: Estrogens as Endogenous Genotoxic Agents--DNA Adducts and Mutations Prevalence of Depression in Patients With Cancer Preoperative Chemotherapy in Patients With Operable Breast Cancer: Nine-Year Results From National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project B-18 Overview of the Randomized Trials of Radiotherapy in Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy, but the Publisher will not be held responsible for any remaining inaccuracies. If you require any further clarification, please contact our Customer Services Department. Online ISSN 1745-6614 - Print ISSN 1052-6773 Copyright © 2015 Oxford University Press Oxford Journals Oxford University Press Site Map Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Frequently Asked Questions Other Oxford University Press sites: Oxford University Press Oxford Journals China Oxford Journals Japan Academic & Professional books Children's & Schools Books Dictionaries & Reference Dictionary of National Biography Digital Reference English Language Teaching Higher Education Textbooks International Education Unit Law Medicine Music Online Products & Publishing Oxford Bibliographies Online Oxford Dictionaries Online Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Oxford Scholarship Online Reference Rights and Permissions Resources for Retailers & Wholesalers Resources for the Healthcare Industry Very Short Introductions World's Classics function fnc_onDomLoaded() { var query_context = getQueryContext(); PF_initOIUnderbar(query_context,":QS:default","","JRN"); PF_insertOIUnderbar(0); }; if (window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', fnc_onDomLoaded, false); } else if (window.attachEvent) { window.attachEvent('onload', fnc_onDomLoaded); } var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? 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Journal

JNCI MonographsOxford University Press

Published: Jun 1, 2003

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