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Comparison of European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) and CLSI screening parameters for the detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase production in clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates

Comparison of European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) and CLSI... ObjectivesTo compare the performance of European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) and CLSI breakpoints following their revision in 2010, for the detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production in Enterobacteriaceae.Methods236 well-characterized clinical isolates (including 118 ESBL producers) were investigated by antibiotic disc testing with cefpodoxime, ceftriaxone, cefepime, cefotaxime EUCAST (5 μg/disc), ceftazidime EUCAST (10 μg/disc), cefotaxime CLSI (30 μg/disc) and ceftazidime CLSI (30 μg/disc) with the Kirby–Bauer method. Additionally, synergy phenomena were recorded between amoxicillin/clavulanic acid discs (20/10 μg/disc) and cefepime (30 μg/disc), EUCAST cefotaxime (5 μg/disc), EUCAST ceftazidime (10 μg/disc), CLSI cefotaxime (30 μg/disc) and CLSI ceftazidime [30 μg/disc; disc approximation method (DAM)].ResultsOverall sensitivity of the cefotaxime EUCAST non-susceptible breakpoint equalled sensitivity of the cefotaxime CLSI ESBL screening breakpoint (99.2%). With the ceftazidime EUCAST non-susceptible breakpoint, 27/118 ESBL-producing isolates were not detected, whereas the ceftazidime CLSI ESBL screening breakpoint missed 41/118 ESBL-producing isolates. For cefpodoxime the resistant EUCAST breakpoint showed higher sensitivity for ESBL detection compared with the CLSI ESBL screening breakpoint/disc content (100% versus 98.3%, respectively). Sensitivities of ceftazidime and cefotaxime DAM with CLSI or EUCAST disc contents were comparable (sensitivities ranging from 84.7% to 89.8%). DAM with cefepime displayed the highest overall sensitivity (96.6%). In AmpC-producing isolates, synergy of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid with cefepime showed sensitivity and specificity for ESBL detection of 100% and 97.4%, respectively.ConclusionsEUCAST non-susceptible breakpoints for ceftazidime and cefpodoxime detect more ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates compared with corresponding CLSI ESBL screening breakpoints. Implementation of the cefepime DAM can facilitate ESBL screening, especially in strains producing an AmpC β-lactamase since the test shows high sensitivity and specificity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Oxford University Press

Comparison of European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) and CLSI screening parameters for the detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase production in clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates

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Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com
Subject
Original research
ISSN
0305-7453
eISSN
1460-2091
DOI
10.1093/jac/dkr400
pmid
21972269
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ObjectivesTo compare the performance of European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) and CLSI breakpoints following their revision in 2010, for the detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production in Enterobacteriaceae.Methods236 well-characterized clinical isolates (including 118 ESBL producers) were investigated by antibiotic disc testing with cefpodoxime, ceftriaxone, cefepime, cefotaxime EUCAST (5 μg/disc), ceftazidime EUCAST (10 μg/disc), cefotaxime CLSI (30 μg/disc) and ceftazidime CLSI (30 μg/disc) with the Kirby–Bauer method. Additionally, synergy phenomena were recorded between amoxicillin/clavulanic acid discs (20/10 μg/disc) and cefepime (30 μg/disc), EUCAST cefotaxime (5 μg/disc), EUCAST ceftazidime (10 μg/disc), CLSI cefotaxime (30 μg/disc) and CLSI ceftazidime [30 μg/disc; disc approximation method (DAM)].ResultsOverall sensitivity of the cefotaxime EUCAST non-susceptible breakpoint equalled sensitivity of the cefotaxime CLSI ESBL screening breakpoint (99.2%). With the ceftazidime EUCAST non-susceptible breakpoint, 27/118 ESBL-producing isolates were not detected, whereas the ceftazidime CLSI ESBL screening breakpoint missed 41/118 ESBL-producing isolates. For cefpodoxime the resistant EUCAST breakpoint showed higher sensitivity for ESBL detection compared with the CLSI ESBL screening breakpoint/disc content (100% versus 98.3%, respectively). Sensitivities of ceftazidime and cefotaxime DAM with CLSI or EUCAST disc contents were comparable (sensitivities ranging from 84.7% to 89.8%). DAM with cefepime displayed the highest overall sensitivity (96.6%). In AmpC-producing isolates, synergy of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid with cefepime showed sensitivity and specificity for ESBL detection of 100% and 97.4%, respectively.ConclusionsEUCAST non-susceptible breakpoints for ceftazidime and cefpodoxime detect more ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates compared with corresponding CLSI ESBL screening breakpoints. Implementation of the cefepime DAM can facilitate ESBL screening, especially in strains producing an AmpC β-lactamase since the test shows high sensitivity and specificity.

Journal

Journal of Antimicrobial ChemotherapyOxford University Press

Published: Jan 3, 2012

Keywords: breakpoints cut-offs Gram-negative

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