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Do Restricted Driver's Licenses Lower Crash Risk Among Older Drivers? A Survival Analysis of Insurance Data From British Columbia

Do Restricted Driver's Licenses Lower Crash Risk Among Older Drivers? A Survival Analysis of... Purpose: Faced with an aging driving population, interest is increasing in the use of restricted licenses or “graduated delicensing” for older drivers to allow them to safely retain a driver's license. The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether restricted licenses are successful at mitigating number of crashes per year and whether they can extend the period of crash-free driving for aging adults. Design and Methods: Using a cohort study design, licensing and insurance claims crash records of all drivers aged 66 years and older in British Columbia were examined for the years 1999–2006. Nonparametric and Cox proportional hazards survival analyses were used to compare restricted vs. unrestricted drivers and to estimate crash risks. Results: The risk of causing a crash was 87% lower for restricted drivers compared with unrestricted drivers after controlling for age and gender. The most common restriction was a combination of daylight driving only plus a speed maximum of 80 km/hr. Restricted drivers retained a driver's license for a longer period of time than unrestricted drivers and continued to drive crash free longer than unrestricted drivers. There was no difference in severity of collisions, and results suggest a high level of compliance with daylight-only restrictions. Implications: These findings suggest that driving restrictions may be effective for prolonging the crash-free driving of some aging drivers, thus supporting their continued independence and delaying institutionalization. Further studies are needed to determine which drivers are most likely to benefit from restricted licenses. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Gerontologist Oxford University Press

Do Restricted Driver's Licenses Lower Crash Risk Among Older Drivers? A Survival Analysis of Insurance Data From British Columbia

The Gerontologist , Volume 49 (4): 11 – Aug 1, 2009

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References (41)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org.
ISSN
0016-9013
eISSN
1758-5341
DOI
10.1093/geront/gnp039
pmid
19491357
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose: Faced with an aging driving population, interest is increasing in the use of restricted licenses or “graduated delicensing” for older drivers to allow them to safely retain a driver's license. The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether restricted licenses are successful at mitigating number of crashes per year and whether they can extend the period of crash-free driving for aging adults. Design and Methods: Using a cohort study design, licensing and insurance claims crash records of all drivers aged 66 years and older in British Columbia were examined for the years 1999–2006. Nonparametric and Cox proportional hazards survival analyses were used to compare restricted vs. unrestricted drivers and to estimate crash risks. Results: The risk of causing a crash was 87% lower for restricted drivers compared with unrestricted drivers after controlling for age and gender. The most common restriction was a combination of daylight driving only plus a speed maximum of 80 km/hr. Restricted drivers retained a driver's license for a longer period of time than unrestricted drivers and continued to drive crash free longer than unrestricted drivers. There was no difference in severity of collisions, and results suggest a high level of compliance with daylight-only restrictions. Implications: These findings suggest that driving restrictions may be effective for prolonging the crash-free driving of some aging drivers, thus supporting their continued independence and delaying institutionalization. Further studies are needed to determine which drivers are most likely to benefit from restricted licenses.

Journal

The GerontologistOxford University Press

Published: Aug 1, 2009

Keywords: Graduated delicensing; Conditional license; Driving cessation; Prolong driving; Driving environment

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