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Enzymic Mechanism of Starch Breakdown in Germinating Rice Seeds I. An Analytical Study

Enzymic Mechanism of Starch Breakdown in Germinating Rice Seeds I. An Analytical Study Abstract Time-sequence analyses of carbohydrate breakdown in germinating rice seeds shows that a rapid breakdown of starch reserve in endosperm starts after about 4 days of germination. Although the major soluble carbohydrate in the dry seed is sucrose, a marked increase in the production of glucose and maltooligosaccharides accompanies the breakdown of starch. Maltotriose was found to constitute the greatest portion of the oligosaccharides throughout the germination stage. α-Amylase activities were found to parallel the pattern of starch breakdown. Assays for phosphorylase activity showed that this enzyme may account for much smaller amounts of starch breakdown per grain, as compared to the amounts hydrolyzed by α-amylase. There was a transient decline in the content of sucrose in the initial 4 days of seed germination, followed by the gradual increase in later germination stages. During the entire germination stage, sucrose synthetase activity was not detected in the endosperm, although appreciable enzyme activity was present in the growing shoot tissues as well as in the frozen rice seeds harvested at the mid-milky stage. We propose the predominant formation of glucose from starch reserves in the endosperm by the action of α-amylase and accompanying hydrolytic enzyme(s) and that this sugar is eventually mobilized to the growing tissues, shoots or roots. 1 This research was supported in part by a research grant of ARS, USDA, under the PL 480 Program (No. FG-JA-126). This content is only available as a PDF. © 1968 American Society of Plant Biologists This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Physiology Oxford University Press

Enzymic Mechanism of Starch Breakdown in Germinating Rice Seeds I. An Analytical Study

Plant Physiology , Volume 43 (12) – Dec 1, 1968

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References (25)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 American Society of Plant Biologists
ISSN
0032-0889
eISSN
1532-2548
DOI
10.1104/pp.43.12.1899
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Time-sequence analyses of carbohydrate breakdown in germinating rice seeds shows that a rapid breakdown of starch reserve in endosperm starts after about 4 days of germination. Although the major soluble carbohydrate in the dry seed is sucrose, a marked increase in the production of glucose and maltooligosaccharides accompanies the breakdown of starch. Maltotriose was found to constitute the greatest portion of the oligosaccharides throughout the germination stage. α-Amylase activities were found to parallel the pattern of starch breakdown. Assays for phosphorylase activity showed that this enzyme may account for much smaller amounts of starch breakdown per grain, as compared to the amounts hydrolyzed by α-amylase. There was a transient decline in the content of sucrose in the initial 4 days of seed germination, followed by the gradual increase in later germination stages. During the entire germination stage, sucrose synthetase activity was not detected in the endosperm, although appreciable enzyme activity was present in the growing shoot tissues as well as in the frozen rice seeds harvested at the mid-milky stage. We propose the predominant formation of glucose from starch reserves in the endosperm by the action of α-amylase and accompanying hydrolytic enzyme(s) and that this sugar is eventually mobilized to the growing tissues, shoots or roots. 1 This research was supported in part by a research grant of ARS, USDA, under the PL 480 Program (No. FG-JA-126). This content is only available as a PDF. © 1968 American Society of Plant Biologists This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model)

Journal

Plant PhysiologyOxford University Press

Published: Dec 1, 1968

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