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Gender and Health A Study of Older Unlike-Sex Twins

Gender and Health A Study of Older Unlike-Sex Twins Objectives. The primary goal of this study was to assess gender differences in various measures of health conditions, symptoms, and self-rated health among older persons by comparing brothers and sisters in a sample of unlike-sex twins. Methods. All living pairs of unlike-sex twins born between 1906 and 1925 were identified through the Swedish Twin Registry and sent surveys assessing health and other factors. This population-based sample consisted of 605 twin pairs. Paired sample t tests were used to analyze gender differences in health-related measures, including a three-level measure of health problems based on physicians' ratings. Results. Women had more total health conditions, not life-threatening health conditions, somewhat life-threatening cardiovascular conditions, and physical and psychological symptoms. Men had more very life-threatening health conditions and cardiovascular conditions. No gender differences were found in somewhat life-threatening health conditions, total cardiovascular conditions, or self-rated health. Discussion. Important gender differences and similarities in health were found using an unlike-sex twin design that reduced variability due to background characteristics. This design also minimized problems caused by gender differences in survival. Research on gender and health in older persons requires more detailed approaches to address the complexity of this topic. The Gerontological Society of America « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci (2002) 57 (3): S168-S176. doi: 10.1093/geronb/57.3.S168 » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Gold, C. H. Articles by Berg, S. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Gold, C. H. Articles by Malmberg, B. Articles by McClearn, G. E. Articles by Pedersen, N. L. Articles by Berg, S. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue November 2015 70 (6) Alert me to new issues The Journal About the journal Free Editors' Choice Articles Impact Factor Articles The Journals of Gerontology, Series B Supplements Special Issues Rights & permissions We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Policy Snapshot Published on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America Impact Factor: 3.213 5-Yr impact factor: 3.856 Editorial Boards The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences Bob G. Knight, PhD View full editorial board The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Social Sciences Deborah S. Carr, PhD, Editor View full editorial board For the Media GSA Press Room For Authors Instructions to authors Services for authors Submit Now: Social Sciences Submit Now: Psychological Sciences Self-archiving policy Open access options for authors - visit Oxford Open Oxford Open P56qQ0myhZIZ9qtHtIIeI0jcYDo8lVt6 true Looking for your next opportunity? Looking for jobs... jQuery_1_11 = jQuery.noConflict(true); Corporate Services What we offer Advertising sales Reprints Supplements Classified Advertising Sales Alerting Services Email table of contents CiteTrack XML RSS feed var taxonomies = ("MED00280", "SCI02100", "SOC02600"); Most Most Read Emotional Aging: Recent Findings and Future Trends Mind Matters: Cognitive and Physical Effects of Aging Self-Stereotypes Age Differences in Stress, Coping, and Appraisal: Findings from the Normative Aging Study Cumulative Advantage/Disadvantage and the Life Course: Cross-Fertilizing Age and Social Science Theory The Gray Divorce Revolution: Rising Divorce Among Middle-Aged and Older Adults, 1990-2010 » View all Most Read articles Most Cited The Impact of Childhood and Adult SES on Physical, Mental, and Cognitive Well-Being in Later Life Nursing Home Staffing and Its Relationship to Deficiencies Differential Benefits of Volunteering Across the Life Course Social Network Typologies and Mental Health Among Older Adults Associations of Stressors and Uplifts of Caregiving With Caregiver Burden and Depressive Mood: A Meta-Analysis » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. 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References (59)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 The Gerontological Society of America
ISSN
1079-5014
eISSN
1758-5368
DOI
10.1093/geronb/57.3.S168
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives. The primary goal of this study was to assess gender differences in various measures of health conditions, symptoms, and self-rated health among older persons by comparing brothers and sisters in a sample of unlike-sex twins. Methods. All living pairs of unlike-sex twins born between 1906 and 1925 were identified through the Swedish Twin Registry and sent surveys assessing health and other factors. This population-based sample consisted of 605 twin pairs. Paired sample t tests were used to analyze gender differences in health-related measures, including a three-level measure of health problems based on physicians' ratings. Results. Women had more total health conditions, not life-threatening health conditions, somewhat life-threatening cardiovascular conditions, and physical and psychological symptoms. Men had more very life-threatening health conditions and cardiovascular conditions. No gender differences were found in somewhat life-threatening health conditions, total cardiovascular conditions, or self-rated health. Discussion. Important gender differences and similarities in health were found using an unlike-sex twin design that reduced variability due to background characteristics. This design also minimized problems caused by gender differences in survival. Research on gender and health in older persons requires more detailed approaches to address the complexity of this topic. The Gerontological Society of America « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci (2002) 57 (3): S168-S176. doi: 10.1093/geronb/57.3.S168 » Abstract Free Full Text (HTML) Free Full Text (PDF) Free Classifications Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences Services Article metrics Alert me when cited Alert me if corrected Find similar articles Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Add to my archive Download citation Request Permissions Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via CrossRef Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Gold, C. H. Articles by Berg, S. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Gold, C. H. Articles by Malmberg, B. Articles by McClearn, G. E. Articles by Pedersen, N. L. Articles by Berg, S. Related Content Load related web page information Share Email this article CiteULike Delicious Facebook Google+ Mendeley Twitter What's this? Search this journal: Advanced » Current Issue November 2015 70 (6) Alert me to new issues The Journal About the journal Free Editors' Choice Articles Impact Factor Articles The Journals of Gerontology, Series B Supplements Special Issues Rights & permissions We are mobile – find out more Journals Career Network Policy Snapshot Published on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America Impact Factor: 3.213 5-Yr impact factor: 3.856 Editorial Boards The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences Bob G. Knight, PhD View full editorial board The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Social Sciences Deborah S. Carr, PhD, Editor View full editorial board For the Media GSA Press Room For Authors Instructions to authors Services for authors Submit Now: Social Sciences Submit Now: Psychological Sciences Self-archiving policy Open access options for authors - visit Oxford Open Oxford Open P56qQ0myhZIZ9qtHtIIeI0jcYDo8lVt6 true Looking for your next opportunity? Looking for jobs... jQuery_1_11 = jQuery.noConflict(true); Corporate Services What we offer Advertising sales Reprints Supplements Classified Advertising Sales Alerting Services Email table of contents CiteTrack XML RSS feed var taxonomies = ("MED00280", "SCI02100", "SOC02600"); Most Most Read Emotional Aging: Recent Findings and Future Trends Mind Matters: Cognitive and Physical Effects of Aging Self-Stereotypes Age Differences in Stress, Coping, and Appraisal: Findings from the Normative Aging Study Cumulative Advantage/Disadvantage and the Life Course: Cross-Fertilizing Age and Social Science Theory The Gray Divorce Revolution: Rising Divorce Among Middle-Aged and Older Adults, 1990-2010 » View all Most Read articles Most Cited The Impact of Childhood and Adult SES on Physical, Mental, and Cognitive Well-Being in Later Life Nursing Home Staffing and Its Relationship to Deficiencies Differential Benefits of Volunteering Across the Life Course Social Network Typologies and Mental Health Among Older Adults Associations of Stressors and Uplifts of Caregiving With Caregiver Burden and Depressive Mood: A Meta-Analysis » View all Most Cited articles Disclaimer: Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues. All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy, but the Publisher will not be held responsible for any remaining inaccuracies. If you require any further clarification, please contact our Customer Services Department. Online ISSN 1758-5368 - Print ISSN 1079-5014 Copyright © 2015 The Gerontological Society of America Oxford Journals Oxford University Press Site Map Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Legal Notices Frequently Asked Questions Other Oxford University Press sites: Oxford University Press Oxford Journals China Oxford Journals Japan Academic & Professional books Children's & Schools Books Dictionaries & Reference Dictionary of National Biography Digital Reference English Language Teaching Higher Education Textbooks International Education Unit Law Medicine Music Online Products & Publishing Oxford Bibliographies Online Oxford Dictionaries Online Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Language Dictionaries Online Oxford Scholarship Online Reference Rights and Permissions Resources for Retailers & Wholesalers Resources for the Healthcare Industry Very Short Introductions World's Classics function fnc_onDomLoaded() { var query_context = getQueryContext(); PF_initOIUnderbar(query_context,":QS:default","","JRN"); PF_insertOIUnderbar(0); }; if (window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', fnc_onDomLoaded, false); } else if (window.attachEvent) { window.attachEvent('onload', fnc_onDomLoaded); } var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www."); document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E")); try { var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker("UA-189672-16"); pageTracker._setDomainName(".oxfordjournals.org"); pageTracker._trackPageview(); } catch(err) {}

Journal

The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social SciencesOxford University Press

Published: May 1, 2002

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