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Hyperbaric oxygen: its uses, mechanisms of action and outcomes

Hyperbaric oxygen: its uses, mechanisms of action and outcomes Q J Med 2004; 97:385–395 doi:10.1093/qjmed/hch074 Review Hyperbaric oxygen: its uses, mechanisms of action and outcomes A.L. GILL and C.N.A. BELL From the University of Bristol, and Division of Oral & Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Bristol Dental Hospital, Bristol, UK Introduction Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) is increasingly indications for and effects of hyperbaric oxygen used in a number of areas of medical practice. It therapy. is a unique intervention whose method of action is not well understood. Clinicians may request its use for their patients, but often will not fully History of hyperbaric medicine understand its mechanisms. It is hoped that this Hyperbaric therapy was first documented in 1662, review and discussion of HBO and the literature when Henshaw built the first hyperbaric cham- surrounding its use may be useful to clinicians ber, or ‘domicilium’. Since this time, reports of who are unsure whether their patients will benefit beneficial effects from increased pressure have from this exciting intervention. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is defined by increased, and by 1877, chambers were used the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society widely for many conditions, though there was (UHMS) as a treatment in which a patient inter- little scientific rationale or evidence. In 1879, the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png QJM: An International Journal of Medicine Oxford University Press

Hyperbaric oxygen: its uses, mechanisms of action and outcomes

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References (174)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
QJM vol. 97 no. 7 © Association of Physicians 2004; all rights reserved.
ISSN
1460-2725
eISSN
1460-2393
DOI
10.1093/qjmed/hch074
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Q J Med 2004; 97:385–395 doi:10.1093/qjmed/hch074 Review Hyperbaric oxygen: its uses, mechanisms of action and outcomes A.L. GILL and C.N.A. BELL From the University of Bristol, and Division of Oral & Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Bristol Dental Hospital, Bristol, UK Introduction Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) is increasingly indications for and effects of hyperbaric oxygen used in a number of areas of medical practice. It therapy. is a unique intervention whose method of action is not well understood. Clinicians may request its use for their patients, but often will not fully History of hyperbaric medicine understand its mechanisms. It is hoped that this Hyperbaric therapy was first documented in 1662, review and discussion of HBO and the literature when Henshaw built the first hyperbaric cham- surrounding its use may be useful to clinicians ber, or ‘domicilium’. Since this time, reports of who are unsure whether their patients will benefit beneficial effects from increased pressure have from this exciting intervention. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is defined by increased, and by 1877, chambers were used the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society widely for many conditions, though there was (UHMS) as a treatment in which a patient inter- little scientific rationale or evidence. In 1879, the

Journal

QJM: An International Journal of MedicineOxford University Press

Published: Jul 1, 2004

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