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Long-Term Effect of Testosterone Therapy on Bone Mineral Density in Hypogonadal Men

Long-Term Effect of Testosterone Therapy on Bone Mineral Density in Hypogonadal Men In both men and women, a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) is a major symptom of hypogonadism. Although the effects of estrogens on osteoporosis in women are well documented, comparatively little is known about the effects of long term testosterone substitution on BMD in hypogonadal men. Therefore, we studied BMD in 72 hypogonadal patients (37 men with primary and 35 men with secondary hypogonadism) under testosterone substitution therapy that continued for up to 16 yr. Thirty-two of these men were also seen before initiation of therapy. At annual intervals, trabecular BMD of the lumbar spine was measured by quantitative computed tomography, a true volumetric and reproducible method for long term serial BMD measurements. Serum levels of testosterone increased to the normal range in all androgen-treated hypogonadal men. The most significant increase in BMD was seen during the first year of testosterone treatment in previously untreated patients, when BMD increased from 95.2 ± 5.9 to 120.0 ± 6.1 mg/cm3 hydroxyapatite (mean ± se). Long term testosterone treatment maintained BMD in the age-dependent reference range in all 72 hypogonadal men, independent of the type of hypogonadism. Transdermal testosterone patches applied to the scrotum were as effective in normalizing BMD as im testosterone enanthate injections. In summary, testosterone therapy increases BMD in hypogonadal men regardless of age. The greatest increase is seen during the first year of treatment in previously untreated patients with low initial BMD. In hypogonadal men, BMD can be normalized and maintained in the normal range by continuous, long term testosterone substitution. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Oxford University Press

Long-Term Effect of Testosterone Therapy on Bone Mineral Density in Hypogonadal Men

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References (40)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by The Endocrine Society
ISSN
0021-972X
eISSN
1945-7197
DOI
10.1210/jcem.82.8.4163
pmid
9253305
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In both men and women, a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) is a major symptom of hypogonadism. Although the effects of estrogens on osteoporosis in women are well documented, comparatively little is known about the effects of long term testosterone substitution on BMD in hypogonadal men. Therefore, we studied BMD in 72 hypogonadal patients (37 men with primary and 35 men with secondary hypogonadism) under testosterone substitution therapy that continued for up to 16 yr. Thirty-two of these men were also seen before initiation of therapy. At annual intervals, trabecular BMD of the lumbar spine was measured by quantitative computed tomography, a true volumetric and reproducible method for long term serial BMD measurements. Serum levels of testosterone increased to the normal range in all androgen-treated hypogonadal men. The most significant increase in BMD was seen during the first year of testosterone treatment in previously untreated patients, when BMD increased from 95.2 ± 5.9 to 120.0 ± 6.1 mg/cm3 hydroxyapatite (mean ± se). Long term testosterone treatment maintained BMD in the age-dependent reference range in all 72 hypogonadal men, independent of the type of hypogonadism. Transdermal testosterone patches applied to the scrotum were as effective in normalizing BMD as im testosterone enanthate injections. In summary, testosterone therapy increases BMD in hypogonadal men regardless of age. The greatest increase is seen during the first year of treatment in previously untreated patients with low initial BMD. In hypogonadal men, BMD can be normalized and maintained in the normal range by continuous, long term testosterone substitution.

Journal

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and MetabolismOxford University Press

Published: Aug 1, 1997

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