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The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Occupational Medicine 2014;64:393–394 doi:10.1093/occmed/kqu024 Questionnaire r eview Table 1. HADS score Brief history For both scales, scores of less than 7 indicate non-cases The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was devised 30  years ago by Zigmond and Snaith [1] 8–10 Mild to measure anxiety and depression in a general medical 11–14 Moderate population of patients. It has become a popular tool, for 15–21 Severe clinical practice and research: a PubMed search returned 1961 papers! Note: Score anxiety and depression separately. Description Validity The beauty of the HADS score is its simplicity, speed and The HADS questionnaire has been validated in many ease of use. Very few (literate) people have difficulty com - languages, countries and settings including general prac- pleting it, on paper or electronically. It assesses both anxi- tice and community settings [5–7]. It is useful for initial ety and depression, which commonly coexist [2]. Anxiety diagnosis and to track progression (or resolution) of psy- is poorly recognized by clinicians, so should be actively chological symptoms. It is one of the National Institute sought [3]. Anxiety often precedes depression in response for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommended to stressors, and identifying the employee with high or ris- http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Occupational Medicine Oxford University Press

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale

Occupational Medicine , Volume 64 (5) – Jul 28, 2014

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References (7)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com
ISSN
0962-7480
eISSN
1471-8405
DOI
10.1093/occmed/kqu024
pmid
25005549
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Occupational Medicine 2014;64:393–394 doi:10.1093/occmed/kqu024 Questionnaire r eview Table 1. HADS score Brief history For both scales, scores of less than 7 indicate non-cases The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was devised 30  years ago by Zigmond and Snaith [1] 8–10 Mild to measure anxiety and depression in a general medical 11–14 Moderate population of patients. It has become a popular tool, for 15–21 Severe clinical practice and research: a PubMed search returned 1961 papers! Note: Score anxiety and depression separately. Description Validity The beauty of the HADS score is its simplicity, speed and The HADS questionnaire has been validated in many ease of use. Very few (literate) people have difficulty com - languages, countries and settings including general prac- pleting it, on paper or electronically. It assesses both anxi- tice and community settings [5–7]. It is useful for initial ety and depression, which commonly coexist [2]. Anxiety diagnosis and to track progression (or resolution) of psy- is poorly recognized by clinicians, so should be actively chological symptoms. It is one of the National Institute sought [3]. Anxiety often precedes depression in response for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommended to stressors, and identifying the employee with high or ris-

Journal

Occupational MedicineOxford University Press

Published: Jul 28, 2014

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