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The GABAB receptor interacts directly with the related transcription factors CREB2 and ATFx

The GABAB receptor interacts directly with the related transcription factors CREB2 and ATFx γ-Aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) receptors mediate the metabotropic actions of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. These seven-transmembrane receptors are known to signal primarily through activation of G proteins to modulate the action of ion channels or second messengers. The functional GABAB receptor is made up of a heterodimer consisting of two subunits, GABAB-R1 and GABAB-R2, which interact via coiled-coil domains in their C-terminal tails. By using a yeast two-hybrid approach, we have identified direct interactions between the C-terminal tails of GABAB-R1 and GABAB-R2 with two related transcription factors, CREB2 (ATF4) and ATFx. In primary neuronal cultures as well in recombinant Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing GABAB receptors, CREB2 is localized within the cytoplasm as well as the nucleus. Activation of the GABAB receptor by the specific agonist baclofen leads to a marked translocation and accumulation of CREB2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. We demonstrate that receptor stimulation results in activation of transcription from a CREB2 responsive reporter gene. Such a signaling mechanism is unique among Family C G protein-coupled receptors and, in the case of the GABAB receptor and CREB2, may play a role in long-term changes in the nervous system. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences PNAS

The GABAB receptor interacts directly with the related transcription factors CREB2 and ATFx

The GABAB receptor interacts directly with the related transcription factors CREB2 and ATFx

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , Volume 97 (25): 13967 – Dec 5, 2000

Abstract

γ-Aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) receptors mediate the metabotropic actions of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. These seven-transmembrane receptors are known to signal primarily through activation of G proteins to modulate the action of ion channels or second messengers. The functional GABAB receptor is made up of a heterodimer consisting of two subunits, GABAB-R1 and GABAB-R2, which interact via coiled-coil domains in their C-terminal tails. By using a yeast two-hybrid approach, we have identified direct interactions between the C-terminal tails of GABAB-R1 and GABAB-R2 with two related transcription factors, CREB2 (ATF4) and ATFx. In primary neuronal cultures as well in recombinant Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing GABAB receptors, CREB2 is localized within the cytoplasm as well as the nucleus. Activation of the GABAB receptor by the specific agonist baclofen leads to a marked translocation and accumulation of CREB2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. We demonstrate that receptor stimulation results in activation of transcription from a CREB2 responsive reporter gene. Such a signaling mechanism is unique among Family C G protein-coupled receptors and, in the case of the GABAB receptor and CREB2, may play a role in long-term changes in the nervous system.

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Publisher
PNAS
Copyright
Copyright ©2009 by the National Academy of Sciences
ISSN
0027-8424
eISSN
1091-6490
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

γ-Aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) receptors mediate the metabotropic actions of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. These seven-transmembrane receptors are known to signal primarily through activation of G proteins to modulate the action of ion channels or second messengers. The functional GABAB receptor is made up of a heterodimer consisting of two subunits, GABAB-R1 and GABAB-R2, which interact via coiled-coil domains in their C-terminal tails. By using a yeast two-hybrid approach, we have identified direct interactions between the C-terminal tails of GABAB-R1 and GABAB-R2 with two related transcription factors, CREB2 (ATF4) and ATFx. In primary neuronal cultures as well in recombinant Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing GABAB receptors, CREB2 is localized within the cytoplasm as well as the nucleus. Activation of the GABAB receptor by the specific agonist baclofen leads to a marked translocation and accumulation of CREB2 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. We demonstrate that receptor stimulation results in activation of transcription from a CREB2 responsive reporter gene. Such a signaling mechanism is unique among Family C G protein-coupled receptors and, in the case of the GABAB receptor and CREB2, may play a role in long-term changes in the nervous system.

Journal

Proceedings of the National Academy of SciencesPNAS

Published: Dec 5, 2000

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