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Absence of cytochrome b-245 in chronic granulomatous disease. A multicenter European evaluation of its incidence and relevance.

Absence of cytochrome b-245 in chronic granulomatous disease. A multicenter European evaluation... The heme-containing protein cytochrome b-245 has been proposed as a primary component of the microbicidal oxidase system of phagocytes that normally generates superoxide-free radicals but when defective is associated with chronic granulomatous disease. We measured this cytochrome in granulocytes from 27 patients with chronic granulomatous disease and from 64 members of their families. It was undetectable in all 19 of the men in whom the defect appeared to be located on the X chromosome. Female relatives who were heterozygous carriers had reduced concentrations of the cytochrome and variable proportions of cells that were unable to generate superoxide; these two characteristics were closely related (r = 0.93 in the 16 mothers and 0.85 in all 24 carriers, P less than 0.001). In contrast, in all eight patients (seven women) with a probable autosomal recessive inheritance the cytochrome was present but nonfunctional. The properties tested, including midpoint potential, carbon monoxide binding, and organelle distribution, were normal, but the cytochrome did not undergo reduction on cellular stimulation. Thus, absence or malfunction of the cytochrome b-245 may be the causal molecular defect in chronic granulomatous disease, implicating it in the microbicidal oxidase system. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The New England journal of medicine Pubmed

Absence of cytochrome b-245 in chronic granulomatous disease. A multicenter European evaluation of its incidence and relevance.

The New England journal of medicine , Volume 308 (5): 7 – Feb 25, 1983

Absence of cytochrome b-245 in chronic granulomatous disease. A multicenter European evaluation of its incidence and relevance.


Abstract

The heme-containing protein cytochrome b-245 has been proposed as a primary component of the microbicidal oxidase system of phagocytes that normally generates superoxide-free radicals but when defective is associated with chronic granulomatous disease. We measured this cytochrome in granulocytes from 27 patients with chronic granulomatous disease and from 64 members of their families. It was undetectable in all 19 of the men in whom the defect appeared to be located on the X chromosome. Female relatives who were heterozygous carriers had reduced concentrations of the cytochrome and variable proportions of cells that were unable to generate superoxide; these two characteristics were closely related (r = 0.93 in the 16 mothers and 0.85 in all 24 carriers, P less than 0.001). In contrast, in all eight patients (seven women) with a probable autosomal recessive inheritance the cytochrome was present but nonfunctional. The properties tested, including midpoint potential, carbon monoxide binding, and organelle distribution, were normal, but the cytochrome did not undergo reduction on cellular stimulation. Thus, absence or malfunction of the cytochrome b-245 may be the causal molecular defect in chronic granulomatous disease, implicating it in the microbicidal oxidase system.

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ISSN
0028-4793
DOI
10.1056/NEJM198302033080503
pmid
6848934

Abstract

The heme-containing protein cytochrome b-245 has been proposed as a primary component of the microbicidal oxidase system of phagocytes that normally generates superoxide-free radicals but when defective is associated with chronic granulomatous disease. We measured this cytochrome in granulocytes from 27 patients with chronic granulomatous disease and from 64 members of their families. It was undetectable in all 19 of the men in whom the defect appeared to be located on the X chromosome. Female relatives who were heterozygous carriers had reduced concentrations of the cytochrome and variable proportions of cells that were unable to generate superoxide; these two characteristics were closely related (r = 0.93 in the 16 mothers and 0.85 in all 24 carriers, P less than 0.001). In contrast, in all eight patients (seven women) with a probable autosomal recessive inheritance the cytochrome was present but nonfunctional. The properties tested, including midpoint potential, carbon monoxide binding, and organelle distribution, were normal, but the cytochrome did not undergo reduction on cellular stimulation. Thus, absence or malfunction of the cytochrome b-245 may be the causal molecular defect in chronic granulomatous disease, implicating it in the microbicidal oxidase system.

Journal

The New England journal of medicinePubmed

Published: Feb 25, 1983

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